Is procedural memory enhanced in Tourette syndrome? Evidence from a sequence learning task

@article{Takcs2018IsPM,
  title={Is procedural memory enhanced in Tourette syndrome? Evidence from a sequence learning task},
  author={{\'A}d{\'a}m Tak{\'a}cs and Andrea K{\'o}bor and J{\'u}lia Chezan and No{\'e}mi {\'E}ltető and Zsanett Tarnok and Dezső N{\'e}meth and Michael T. Ullman and Karolina Janacsek},
  journal={Cortex},
  year={2018},
  volume={100},
  pages={84-94}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Dissociation between two aspects of procedural learning in Tourette syndrome: Enhanced statistical and impaired sequence learning

TLDR
It is found that children with TS showed enhanced sensitivity to statistical information but impaired sequence learning compared to typically developing children, which can provide a potential path for improving therapy methods and skill-oriented educational programs for TS.

Access to Procedural Memories After One Year: Evidence for Robust Memory Consolidation in Tourette Syndrome

TLDR
Evidence is shown for short-term and long-term retention of one aspect of procedural memory, namely probability-based information in TS, whereas learning of serial-order information might be impaired in this disorder.

Impairment of visually guided associative learning in children with Tourette syndrome

TLDR
The acquisition phase of the associative learning test, which mainly depends on the function of the basal ganglia, was affected in the entire patient group, which included patients with Tourette syndrome with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, autism spectrum disorder, or no comorbidities.

A Process-Oriented View of Procedural Memory Can Help Better Understand Tourette’s Syndrome

Tourette’s syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by repetitive movements and vocalizations, also known as tics. The phenomenology of tics and the underlying neurobiology of the

Statistical and sequence learning lead to persistent memory in children after a one-year offline period

TLDR
This study demonstrates that the representation of probability-based and serial order-based regularities remains stable over a long period of time, offering indirect evidence for the developmental invariance model of skill consolidation.

The Neurocognition of Developmental Disorders of Language.

TLDR
The PDH posits that abnormalities of brain structures underlying procedural memory can explain numerous brain and behavioral characteristics across learning and processing, in multiple disorders, including both commonalities and differences.

Stimulus presentation rates affect performance but not the acquired knowledge – Evidence from procedural learning

TLDR
This systemically tested the effect of presentation rate on performance versus competence in procedural learning – a fundamental cognitive function that underlies the acquisition of skills and habits and called for tasks that can dissociate competence from performance both in experimental and clinical settings.

Disentangling competence from performance in behavioral measures of learning: A lesson for cognitive neuroscience

In cognitive neuroscience, the momentary learning performance and the underlying competence on a behavioral task are typically not distinguished, which can lead to unreliable measures of

Tracking the implicit acquisition of nonadjacent transitional probabilities by ERPs

TLDR
The results suggest that stimulus–response contingencies on the probabilistic regularities of the ongoing stimulus context are implicitly mapped and constantly revised.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES

Procedural learning in Tourette syndrome, ADHD, and comorbid Tourette-ADHD: Evidence from a probabilistic sequence learning task

Impaired implicit sequence learning in children with developmental dyslexia.

Procedural and declarative memory in obsessive-compulsive disorder

TLDR
This pattern of results indicates intact encoding and retrieval in declarative memory, but abnormally enhanced procedural memory during the early course of learning in OCD, consistent with striatal overactivation observed in neuroimaging studies of OCD.

Habit learning in Tourette syndrome: a translational neuroscience approach to a developmental psychopathology.

TLDR
Both the deficits in habit learning and the tic symptoms of TS are likely to be consequences of the previously reported anatomical and functional disturbances of the striatum in children and adults who have TS.

Sequence-specific procedural learning deficits in children with specific language impairment

TLDR
Findings suggest that SLI might be characterized by deficits in learning sequence-specific information, rather than generally weak procedural learning.

Probabilistic sequence learning in mild cognitive impairment

TLDR
This study investigates the development of probabilistic sequence learning, from the initial acquisition to consolidation, in MCI and healthy elderly control groups and suggests that these processes are affected in MCi.

Cognitive control over motor output in Tourette syndrome

...