Is nonword repetition a test of phonological memory or long-term knowledge? It all depends on the nonwords

@article{Gathercole1995IsNR,
  title={Is nonword repetition a test of phonological memory or long-term knowledge? It all depends on the nonwords},
  author={Susan E. Gathercole},
  journal={Memory \& Cognition},
  year={1995},
  volume={23},
  pages={83-94}
}
  • S. Gathercole
  • Published 1995
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Memory & Cognition
The extent to which children's performance on tests of nonword repetition is constrained by phonological working memory and long-term lexical knowledge was investigated in a longitudinal study of 70 children tested at 4 and 5 years of age. At each time of testing, measures of nonword repetition, memory span, and vocabulary knowledge were obtained. Reading ability was also assessed at 5 years. At both ages, repetition accuracy was greater for nonwords of high- rather than low-rated wordlikeness… Expand
Lexicality and frequency in specific language impairment: accuracy and error data from two nonword repetition tests.
TLDR
Support is shown for a phonological processing deficit in children with SLI, where long-term lexical and sublexical phonological knowledge mediate the interpretation of nonwords, and the data suggest that while phonologicalprocessing may provide a key explanation of SLI, a full account is likely to be multifaceted. Expand
The Effects of Lexical Knowledge on Nonword Repetition
The present study examined the influence of long-term lexical memory on young children’s performances on nonword repetition tasks. Children’s responses on a nonword repetition task from a prior studyExpand
Language comprehension and non-word repetition in children with language impairment
Non-word repetition has, not without controversy, been considered a reliable index of phonological memory in children with language impairment (LI). Recent studies do, however, emphasize the strongExpand
Young children's phonological awareness and nonword repetition as a function of vocabulary development.
The role of vocabulary growth in the development of two reading-related phonological processes was examined. In Experiments I and 2, 4- and 5-year-olds and a sample of first graders performed betterExpand
Language comprehension and non-word repetition in children with language
TLDR
It is concluded that non-word repetition cannot be considered to be a single, reliable index of phonological memory in pre-school children with LI. Expand
Nonword recall and phonemic discrimination in four- to six-year-old children
Previous research has established that the degree of ‘wordlikeness’ of nonwords affects young children's nonword repetition performance. Experiment 1 examined the possibility that output processesExpand
Consonant age of acquisition effects are robust in children's nonword repetition performance
ABSTRACT The underlying processes of nonword repetition (NWR) have been studied extensively in both typical and atypical development. Most of the research examining long-term memory effects on NWRExpand
Non-word repetition in children with language impairment--pitfalls and possibilities.
TLDR
It was found that unstressed syllables were omitted six times more often in prestressed than in post-stressed positions of the words and non-words, and the most important predictor of non-word repetition skills was output phonology. Expand
Nonword Repetition Problems in Children With Specific Language Impairment: A Deficit in Accessing Long-Term Linguistic Representations?
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) consistently show poor nonword repetition (NWR) performance. However, the reason for these difficulties remains a matter of intensive debate. NonwordExpand
Phonological short-term memory and new word learning in children.
TLDR
The findings suggest that both existing lexical knowledge and phonological short-term memory play significant roles in the long-term learning of the sounds of new words. Expand
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TLDR
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