Is landscape connectivity a dependent or independent variable?

@article{Goodwin2004IsLC,
  title={Is landscape connectivity a dependent or independent variable?},
  author={Brett J. Goodwin},
  journal={Landscape Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={18},
  pages={687-699}
}
With growing interest in landscape connectivity, it is timely to ask what research has been done and what re mains to be done. I surveyed papers investigating landscape connectivity from 1985 to 2000. From these papers, I determined if connectivity had been treated as an independent or dependent variable, what connectivity metrics were used, and if the study took an empirical or modeling approach to studying connectivity. Most studies treated connectivity as an independent variable, despite how… CONTINUE READING