Is it God or Just the Data that Moves in Mysterious Ways? How Well-Being Research may be Mistaking Faith for Virtue

  title={Is it God or Just the Data that Moves in Mysterious Ways? How Well-Being Research may be Mistaking Faith for Virtue},
  author={James Benjamin Schuurmans-Stekhoven},
  journal={Social Indicators Research},
Opinion is mixed regarding the link between spiritual faith-based beliefs (SFBBs) and psychological well-being—however, most published field studies suggest a positive link. Controlled experiments demonstrate that spirituality promotes social cohesion and deters excessive self-interested behaviour. Yet past research has largely overlooked virtues (which are related to, yet distinct from, SFBB) as a rival explanation for these observations. Reviewed papers almost exclusively employed bi-variate… 

Just world beliefs mediate the well-being effects of spiritual/afterlife beliefs among older Australians

ABSTRACT Perceiving life as fair – i.e., possessing a belief in a just world (BJW) – protects psychological well-being when confronting adversity. Yet, the accumulation of negative experiences over

Is God's call more than audible? A preliminary exploration using a two‐dimensional model of theistic/spiritual beliefs and experiences

Abstract Among spiritual individuals, auditory hallucinations (AHs) are often accompanied by positive affectivity (PA) suggesting that such coincidental affective valence might gainfully demark

“As a Shepherd Divideth his Sheep from the Goats”: Does the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale Encapsulate Separable Theistic and Civility Components?

Numerous studies suggest spirituality and subjective well-being (SWB) are positively associated. However, critics argue that popular spirituality instruments—including the Daily Spiritual Experiences

Spirit or Fleeting Apparition? Why Spirituality’s Link with Social Support Might Be Incrementally Invalid

Although spirituality displays a significant positive correlation and partial correlation (after controlling for socio-demographics) with social support, regression analysis specifying agreeableness and conscientiousness—individual differences related to both spirituality and social support—as predictors renders spirituality nonsignificant.

Religion and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Positive Emotions

Research has consistently shown that endorsing a religion or spirituality is to some extent related to one’s well-being. Common studied explanations tap into the social and cognitive aspects of

Personality Systems, Spirituality, and Existential Well-Being: A Person-Centered Perspective

Recent research on the salutogenic benefits of spirituality and religiosity has yielded inconsistent findings. It is suggested that such discrepancies reflect individual differences in personality,

Which functions assumed to be religious and spiritual in nature are ultimately attributable or reducible to purely secular mechanisms?

ABSTRACT There is a commonly held assumption that religiosity/spirituality (R/S) reflects unique causal mechanisms in areas such as prosociality, mental health, and in the debate regarding the

The Decoding of the Human Spirit: A Synergy of Spirituality and Character Strengths Toward Wholeness

It is argued that there is a robust synergy of these sciences and practices revealing that spirituality is vitally concerned with promoting character strengths, and how character strengths can enhance and deepen spiritual practices, rituals, and experiences.

The Relation between Religion and Well-Being

This article reviews research on religion and well-being, focusing primarily on Western, traditional religions. We provide some nuance, caveats, and future directions for further research. We discuss



TARGET ARTICLE: The Bitter and the Sweet: An Evaluation of the Costs and Benefits of Religiousness

Psychologists have tended to view religion from a distance as a global, undifferentiated, stable process that is largely good or largely bad. This article presents a more fine-grained analysis of

Religion as Prosocial: Agent or Double Agent?*

Does religion promote prosocial behavior? A verdict is not clear. Methodological and theoretical weaknesses in recent studies correlating religious orientation with social values (e.g., prejudice)

Meaning in Life: One Link in the Chain From Religiousness to Well-Being

Meaning in life has been identified as a potential mediator of the link between religiousness and psychological health. The authors tested this hypothesis in 2 studies, using multiple methods and

Wonder: From Emotion to Spirituality

The attempt to identify the emotional sources of religion goes back to antiquity. In an exploration that bridges science and spirituality, Robert C. Fuller makes the convincing case that a sense of

Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.

Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from this

The Link Between Religion and Spirituality and Psychological Adjustment: The Mediating Role of Optimism and Social Support

Investigation of whether optimism and social support mediated the relationship between religiousness and adjustment (distress and life satisfaction) and between spirituality and adjustment suggested religiouss and spirituality are related but distinct constructs and are associated with adjustment through factors such as social support and optimism.

The daily spiritual experience scale: development, theoretical description, reliability, exploratory factor analysis, and preliminary construct validity using health-related data

  • L. UnderwoodJ. Teresi
  • Psychology
    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 2002
The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) is described and preliminary evidence showed that daily spiritual experience is related to decreased total alcohol intake, improved quality of life, and positive psychosocial status.

Patience as a virtue: Religious and psychological perspectives

This chapter seeks to understand the religious and psychological underpinnings of patience and presents the Patience Scale to measure individual differences in the trait. Undergraduate psychology