• Corpus ID: 35376747

Is indoor mold contamination a threat to health? Part two.

  title={Is indoor mold contamination a threat to health? Part two.},
  author={Harriet M. Ammann},
  journal={Journal of environmental health},
  volume={66 2},
  • H. Ammann
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Journal of environmental health
Molds, a subset of the fungi, are ubiquitous on our planet. Fungi are found in every ecological niche, and are necessary for the recycling of organic building blocks that allow plants and animals to live. Included in the group "fungi" are yeasts, molds and mildews, as well as large mushrooms, puffballs and bracket fungi that grow on dead trees. Fungi need external organic food sources and water to be able to grow. 
Fungal Colonization of Building Materials and Impact on Health Phil Haisley, AIA
INTRODUCTION Fungi are essential to the survival of our global ecology, but they may pose a significant threat to the health of occupants when they grow in our buildings. This paper explores the
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A number of Basidiomycetes can be found indoors, growing on wood in buildings and are considered important degraders of wooden buildings material.
Airborne Fungi and Mycotoxins
This chapter reviews existing literature on airborne fungi, with emphasis on indoor fungal growth and contamination as well as the health effects of mycotoxins and fungal volatile organic compounds
Overview on the Fungal Metabolites Involved in Mycopathy
This review presents several types of metabolites produced by the most common fungal pathogens and their roles in fungal pathogenesis, and recognizes mechanisms of pathogenesis may lead to development of new efficient anti-fungal therapies.
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Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by certain filamentous microscopic fungi, which occur naturally in the environment and can commonly grow on a variety of crops, including wheat, maize
Immunological and toxicological effects of bad indoor air to cause Dampness and Mold Hypersensitivity Syndrome
Underdiagnosed or neglected continuous insidious inflammation may lead to Myalgic Encephalitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) especially when trigged by new infections or even vaccination.
Exposure to mycotoxins increases the allergic immune response in a murine asthma model.
The results demonstrate that gliotoxin and patulin increase the allergic immune response in mice by modulating the Th1/Th2 balance via direct effects on IL-12 secretion in DCs and by inducing oxidative stress.
Gesundheitliche Relevanz von Schimmelpilzen in Innenräumen
  • W. Buzina
  • Medicine
    Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
  • 2007
Molds are found almost everywhere in the environment and their airborne propagules can cause a variety of health problems like mycotic infections, allergies, asthma, irritations or toxic syndromes.


Fungi and fungal products in some Canadian houses
Cytotoxic fungal spores in the indoor atmosphere of the damp domestic environment.
The MTT biochemical assay system employed has revealed that 39 (47%) of the moulds investigated possessed spore-associated cytotoxic properties; a value which emphasises the potential health hazards of the continual inhalation of toxigenic fungal propagules by occupants of mouldy houses.
Airborne outbreak of trichothecene toxicosis
Mycotoxins: Formation, Analysis and Significance
Microfungal contamination of damp buildings--examples of risk constructions and risk materials.
To elucidate problems with microfungal infestation in indoor environments, a multidisciplinary collaborative pilot study was performed on 72 mold-infected building materials from 23 buildings, finding products most vulnerable to mold attacks were water damaged, aged organic materials containing cellulose.
Airborne occurrence of mycotoxins in agricultural and residential environments has generated concern that these toxins may be absorbed via the skin and respiratory tract. This paper summarizes
Mycotoxins: Chemical, Biological and Environmental Aspects
Toxicity of mycotoxins for the rat pulmonary macrophage in vitro.
The data show that both T-2 toxin and patulin are highly toxic to rat alveolar macrophages in vitro, and suggest that the presence of these mycotoxins in airborne respirable dust might present a hazard to exposed workers.
Health and immunology study following exposure to toxigenic fungi (Stachybotrys chartarum) in a water-damaged office environment.
It is concluded that prolonged and intense exposure to toxigenic S. chartarum and other atypical fungi was associated with reported disorders of the respiratory and central nervous systems, reported Disorders of the mucous membranes and a few parameters pertaining to the cellular and humoral immune system, suggesting a possible immune competency dysfunction.
Trichothecene Mycotoxins Mycology, Chemistry, and Toxicology
The mycotoxins reviewed in this section comprise a family of closely related sesquiterpenoids produced by various species of fungi such as Fusarium, Myrothecium, Trichoderma, Trichothecium,