Is human atrial fibrillation stochastic or deterministic?-Insights from missing ordinal patterns and causal entropy-complexity plane analysis.

  title={Is human atrial fibrillation stochastic or deterministic?-Insights from missing ordinal patterns and causal entropy-complexity plane analysis.},
  author={Konstantinos N. Aronis and Ronald D. Berger and Hugh Calkins and Jonathan Chrispin and Joseph E. Marine and David D Spragg and Susumu Tao and Harikrishna Tandri and Hiroshi Ashikaga},
  volume={28 6},
The mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF) maintenance in humans is yet to be determined. It remains controversial whether cardiac fibrillatory dynamics are the result of a deterministic or a stochastic process. Traditional methods to differentiate deterministic from stochastic processes have several limitations and are not reliably applied to short and noisy data obtained during clinical studies. The appearance of missing ordinal patterns (MOPs) using the Bandt-Pompe (BP) symbolization is… 

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