Is flashbulb memory a special instance of source memory? Evidence from older adults

@article{Davidson2002IsFM,
  title={Is flashbulb memory a special instance of source memory? Evidence from older adults},
  author={P. Davidson and Elizabeth L. Glisky},
  journal={Memory},
  year={2002},
  volume={10},
  pages={111 - 99}
}
Flashbulb memories (FMs) are vivid, stable memories for the reception of arousing, consequential news. Although such memories have been found in people of all ages, in the only examination of age differences to date, Cohen, Conway, and Maylor (1994) reported that older adults were less likely than young adults to experience a FM. We hypothesised that FM would be impaired in older adults with reduced frontal lobe (FL) function. To test this hypothesis, we asked older adults, who had been… 
Flashbulb Memories for September 11th can be Preserved in Older Adults
  • P. Davidson, S. Cook, E. Glisky
  • Psychology
    Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition
  • 2006
TLDR
Testing memory for the source of news concerning the September 11th terrorist attacks in older adults with high or low frontal lobe function and in young people found no age differences in source memory a year after the event and no differences related to FL function.
Source Memory in the Real World: A Neuropsychological Study of Flashbulb Memory
TLDR
Only the MTL/D patients were impaired in long-term memory for the event itself, measured after a 6 month retention interval, and the FL patients, on the other hand, showed a selective deficit in source memory, although theirMemory for the target event was unimpaired.
Memories of an Emotional and a Nonemotional Event: Effects of Aging and Delay Interval
TLDR
Older adults' memories appear to benefit from the emotional salience of real-life events, and although older adults often had poorer memory overall, both age groups remembered more about the shuttle than they did about the Super Bowl.
Recent versus Remote: Flashbulb Memory for 9/11 and Self-Selected Events from the Reminiscence Bump
TLDR
Older adults' memories for a remote flashbulb event appeared to be quite similar, if not more detailed, than their memories for the recent event, suggesting that remoteflashbulb memories are relatively stable over time.
Item and source memory with emotional materials in young and older adults
Emotional experiences seem to be easier to remember than neutral ones, but whether memory for all aspects of an experience is improved by emotion remains unclear. Some researchers have argued that
Effects of age on phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11 and a staged control event.
In two studies, the special status of flashbulb memories was investigated by contrasting the effects of age on the phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11, over a 2-year
The Death of Princess Diana: The Effects of Memory Enhancement Procedures on Flashbulb Memories
This study examined the effects of memory enhancement procedures (i.e., hypnosis, n = 19; context reinstatement/reverse order recall(CR/RO), n = 19; task motivation instructions (TMIs), n = 20) on
PHENOMENAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORIES FOR EMOTIONAL AND NEUTRAL EVENTS IN OLDER AND YOUNGER ADULTS
TLDR
The results suggest that the effect of emotion on phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories is similar in younger and older adults, but that older adults tend to reappraise negative events in a more positive light than younger adults.
Remembering a nuclear accident in Japan: Did it trigger flashbulb memories?
TLDR
The results supported the notion that flashbulb memories are formed through rehearsal rather than at encoding, and it is also possible that rehearsal was a result of theflashbulb memory.
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