Is dissociative amnesia a culture-bound syndrome? Findings from a survey of historical literature

@article{Pope2006IsDA,
  title={Is dissociative amnesia a culture-bound syndrome? Findings from a survey of historical literature},
  author={Harrison G Pope and Michael B. Poliakoff and Michael P. Parker and Matthew Boynes and James I Hudson},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  year={2006},
  volume={37},
  pages={225 - 233}
}
Background. Natural human psychological phenomena, such as depression, anxiety, delusions, hallucinations and dementia, are documented across the ages in both fictional and non-fictional works. We asked whether ‘dissociative amnesia’ was similarly documented throughout history. Method. We advertised in three languages on more than 30 Internet web sites and discussion groups, and also in print, offering US$1000 to the first individual who could find a case of dissociative amnesia for a traumatic… Expand
Believing in dissociative amnesia relates to claiming it: a survey of people's experiences and beliefs about dissociative amnesia.
TLDR
The findings suggest that claiming dissociative amnesia goes hand in hand with believing in dissociatives, and many participants indicated to have at least once claimed to have feigned memory loss in their life, and that they experienced some form of forgetting when trying to retrieve events for which they lied upon. Expand
Stranger than fiction: literary and clinical amnesia.
TLDR
It is argued that the predominance of disorders affecting autobiographical memory in fiction is in itself a revealing fact about the mechanisms of human memory, illustrating how fictional treatments of pathology can inform back neurological and psychological research. Expand
Peas, Please: A Case Report and Neuroscientific Review of Dissociative Amnesia and Fugue
  • K. Macdonald, T. Macdonald
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2009
TLDR
Current neurobiological models of dissociative amnesia that undermine the dichotomy of functional versus organic are reviewed, and it is suggested that the crucial distinction in such cases is between a patient's willful, conscious deceit and processes that occur without conscious intent. Expand
Evidence of Dissociative Amnesia in Science and Literature: Culture-Bound Approaches to Trauma in Pope, Poliakoff, Parker, Boynes, and Hudson (2007)
TLDR
The present article conceptualizes the premise of the contest and the authors’ conclusion as symptomatic of a culture affected by biases that include the denial of trauma and its effects. Expand
CORRESPONDENCE
To the Editor: Pope et al. (2007) claim that there is no evidence of dissociative amnesia, i.e. forgetfulness for traumatic experience, prior to 1800. They start with a false dichotomy, between theExpand
Dissociation, Memory and Trauma Narrative
Memory has interested both scientific researchers and writers for centuries. The ability to remember things from the past has been viewed not only as a cornerstone for an individual‘s consistentExpand
Dispelling confusion about traumatic dissociative amnesia.
TLDR
The purpose of this review is to dispel confusion regarding the controversial notion of dissociated (or repressed) memory for trauma and to show how people can recall memories of long-forgotten sexual abuse without these memories first having been repressed. Expand
Dissociation and false memory: the moderating role of trauma and cognitive ability
TLDR
Overall, experiencing trauma and dissociation, as well as lower levels of cognitive ability, were associated with higher false memory. Expand
Towards Solving the Riddle of Forgetting in Functional Amnesia: Recent Advances and Current Opinions
TLDR
In a substantial number of patients, a synchronization abnormality between a frontal lobe system, important for autonoetic consciousness, and a temporo-amygdalar system provides empirical support for an underlying mechanism of dissociation (a failure of integration between cognition and emotion). Expand
Stress- and trauma-related blockade of episodic-autobiographical memory processing
TLDR
The classification of long-term memory systems of Endel Tulving as well as his concepts and views on autonoetic consciousness, relationships between memory systems and relationship between episodic memory and emotion are used to describe six cases of dissociative amnesia that put a challenge for researchers and clinicians due to their atypicality. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Questionable validity of 'dissociative amnesia' in trauma victims. Evidence from prospective studies.
TLDR
Prospective data as yet fail to demonstrate that individuals can develop dissociative amnesia for traumatic events, and the possibility that subjects simply did not disclose events that they actually remembered is left open. Expand
Betrayal Trauma: The Logic of Forgetting Childhood Abuse
TLDR
In recent years a polarized debate, often polemical and vitriolic, has seized the attention of psychotherapists and the lay public about the influence of repressed or dissociated memories of childhood trauma in the etiology of adult psychopathology and distress. Expand
Tracking Scientific Interest in the Dissociative Disorders: A Study of Scientific Publication Output 1984–2003
TLDR
Dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder have not generated consistent scientific interest over the years, but instead apparently enjoyed a brief period of fashion that now has waned. Expand
Recovered Memories: The Current Weight of the Evidence in Science and in the Courts
The authors critically review the main strategies that false-memory proponents have used to challenge the admissibility of testimony regarding recovered abuse memories in the courts: that theExpand
The Body Keeps the Score: Memory and the Evolving Psychobiology of Posttraumatic Stress
TLDR
Animal research suggests that intense emotional memories are processed outside of the hippo‐campally mediated memory system and are difficult to extinguish, having implications for both the psychotherapy and the pharmacotherapy of PTSD. Expand
Book Review: Child Psychiatry: Psychology Astray: Fallacies in Studies of “Repressed Memory” and Childhood Trauma
This little book contains three big messages. The first, which has particular relevance for clinicians, concerns the lack of evidence for repression of memory after traumatic events during childhood.Expand
The Discovery of the Unconscious
fatter books trying to get out. The book can be compared in many respects with Frazer's 'Golden Bough' in that, although it contains so much information, one is left with no doubt that the author hasExpand
An Inquiry Into the Nature and Origin of Mental Derangement
  • A. Crichton
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of attention disorders
  • 2008
TLDR
The question is not how the will is excited; the answer to that is of no consequence in the present case: all that the authors wish to know is whether volition has not a powerful influence on the faculty of attention. Expand
Nonconvulsive status epilepticus: Epilepsy Research Foundation workshop reports.
TLDR
In April 2004, a group of physicians with an interest in nonconvulsive status epilepticus representing a spectrum of opinion met in Oxford, sponsored by the Epilepsy Research Foundation, to discuss and debate the definition, diagnosis and treatment of the condition. Expand
Secret Survivors: Uncovering Incest and Its Aftereffects in Women
THE INCEST SURVIVORS' AFTEREFFECTS CHECKLIST: Spoiled Love: An Overview Supposition and Research: What We Know, What We Think We Know In Somebody Else's Hands: Control, Power and Boundary Isues TheExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...