• Corpus ID: 119665696

Is crime concentrated or are we simply using the wrong metrics

  title={Is crime concentrated or are we simply using the wrong metrics},
  author={Rafael Prieto Curiel},
  journal={arXiv: Physics and Society},
  • R. P. Curiel
  • Published 7 February 2019
  • Sociology
  • arXiv: Physics and Society
Crime is highly concentrated in a few places, is committed by a few offenders and is suffered by a few victims. In recent decades, the concentration of crime has become an accepted fact, yet, little is known in terms of how to measure this concentration of crime such that the metric takes into account the fact that crime has, in general, a low frequency, it fluctuates, it is highly concentrated and has a certain degree of randomness. Here, the most frequently used metrics for concentration of… 

Figures from this paper

Measuring Marginal Crime Concentration: A New Solution to an Old Problem

Objectives: In his 2014 Sutherland address to the American Society of Criminology, David Weisburd demonstrated that the share of crime that is accounted for by the most crime-ridden street segments

Uneven spatial distribution of crime and annual changes in major Japanese cities

Indices such as the Gini coefficient have been used to measure the spatially uneven distribution of crime in cities. However, the Gini coefficient has the disadvantage of overestimating spatially

Learning to rank spatio-temporal event hotspots

CrimeRank is introduced, a learning to rank boosting algorithm for determining a crime hotspot map that directly optimizes the percentage of crime captured by the top ranked hotspots and was the top performing solution in the 2017 NIJ Real-time crime forecasting challenge.



Measuring the Distribution of Crime and Its Concentration

A new technique to measure the concentration of crime which takes into account its low frequency of occurrence and its high degree of concentration in such a way that this measure is comparable over time and over different populations is developed.

Compared to what? Estimating the relative concentration of crime at places using systematic and other reviews

That crime is concentrated at a few places is well established by over 44 studies. This is true whether one examines addresses or street segments. Additionally, crime is concentrated among offenders

The Law of Crime Concentration: An Application and Recommendations for Future Research

ObjectiveWe address four outstanding empirical questions related to the “law of crime concentration” (Weisburd in Criminology 53:133–157, 2015): (1) Is the spatial concentration of crime stable over

More Places than Crimes: Implications for Evaluating the Law of Crime Concentration at Place

ObjectivesThe crime and place literature lacks a standard methodology for measuring and reporting crime concentration. We suggest that crime concentration be reported with the Lorenz curve and

Reducing Bias in Estimates for the Law of Crime Concentration

ObjectivesThe law of crime concentration states that half of the cumulative crime in a city will occur within approximately 4% of the city’s geography. The law is demonstrated by counting the number


According to Laub (2004), criminology has a developmental life course with specific turning points that allow for innovations in how we understand and respond to crime. I argue that criminology

How concentrated is crime at places? A systematic review from 1970 to 2015

Despite the increasing awareness and interests about the importance of crime concentration at places, scholars have not comprehensively synthesized the body of evidence related to this thesis. We

Measuring Crime Concentration Across Cities of Varying Sizes: Complications Based on the Spatial and Temporal Scale Employed

ObjectivesWe argue that assessing the level of crime concentration across cities has four challenges: (1) how much variability should we expect to observe; (2) whether concentration should be

Modelling the fear of crime

A model for the dynamics of the perception of security of a region based on the distribution of crime suffered by the population using concepts similar to those used for opinion dynamics is developed and results explain why people are often more fearful than actually victimized.

Ravenous wolves revisited: a systematic review of offending concentration

BackgroundNumerous studies have established that crime is highly concentrated among a small group of offenders. These findings have guided the development of various crime prevention strategies. The