Is craving mood-driven or self-propelled? Sensitization and "street" stimulant addiction.

@article{Gawin1996IsCM,
  title={Is craving mood-driven or self-propelled? Sensitization and "street" stimulant addiction.},
  author={Frank H. Gawin and M. Elena Khalsa-Denison},
  journal={NIDA research monograph},
  year={1996},
  volume={163},
  pages={
          224-50
        }
}
Pharmacological sensitization is defined as an increasing effect of a given drug dose after repeated administrations. Detected over 65 years ago during observations of animal behavior, sensitization provided an anti-thesis to the concept of pharmacological tolerance. In modern neuro-science, the sensitization concept has evolved to reflect neuroadaptive, or perhaps neurotoxic, processes and pharmacodynamics, rather than pharmacokinetic changes in plasma or brain concentrations of a drug. 

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