Is an organic/functional distinction psychologically meaningful in patients with dysphonia?

  title={Is an organic/functional distinction psychologically meaningful in patients with dysphonia?},
  author={Angela Millar and Ian J. Deary and Janet A Wilson and Kenneth Mackenzie},
  journal={Journal of psychosomatic research},
  volume={46 6},
Dysphonia (hoarseness) is a common clinical condition and, if persistent, patients are referred to otolaryngology clinics for clinical examination. During the examination, a clinical distinction is often made among three types of patients: (1) those with a clear organic basis for dysphonia (cancer, vocal cord palsy): (2) those with some degree of organic pathology; and (3) those with an apparently functional etiology. Functional patients are often characterized as having a psychogenic disorder… CONTINUE READING


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