Is a cultural ethology possible?

  title={Is a cultural ethology possible?},
  author={F. T. Cloak},
  journal={Human Ecology},
  • F. Cloak
  • Published 30 April 1975
  • Psychology
  • Human Ecology
The possibility, desirability, and potential outcomes of applying ethological methods to the study of culture-specific human behaviors are investigated. Ethology and culture are explored. A new term, “instruction,” and its use in cultural ethology are proposed. Genetics and survival value are related to cultural ethology. A cultural ethology is given a possible theoretical foundation, and current attempts at a cultural ethology are appraised. A research program in cultural ethology and related… 
Ethology, ethogeny, etics, emics, biology, culture: On the limitations of dichotomies
Ethogeny, supposedly patterned on ethology, differs as an approach to human social behaviour in obvious respects. Ethogenists follow an emic research strategy, whereas human ethologists have strongly
Culture and sociobiology.
  • J. Barkow
  • Sociology, Medicine
    American anthropologist
  • 1978
Because biological and cultural evolution are two linked but conceptually distinct processes, sociobiology is more readily applied to the evolution of cultural capacity than to contemporary cultural behavior.
Individual Development and Community Empowerment: Suggestions from Studies on Optimal Experience
In the social and behavioural sciences, the concepts of selection and adaptation have been fruitfully applied to the analysis of human behaviour. While most researchers agree that humans are
Cultural Change and Human Behavior: Evolution or Development?
The study of cultures in today’s world has become a major academic exercise. There are many challenges and problems for human beings that are created by the relationship between cultural inheritance
Some logical fallacies in the classical ethological point of view
E-E has written a concise exposition of the classical ethological view of human behavior. The ethology of Lorenz and his followers has been incisively criticized by Lehrman and others, but it appears
Some psychological mechanisms of culture
There is a consensus amongst biologists interested in culture that one possible point of conceptual entry into this enormous and complex phenomenon is to consider cultural change as analogous to
Stand-up comedy and cultural spread: the case of sex roles
Culture has to do with representations which are privately stored in a number of individuals and publicly transferred from one person to another maintaining a certain stability in the process of t
In this paper, I review recent attempts to formulate an evolutionary theory of cultural change. Historically, cultural evolution has had a bad name in anthropology, largely because the term has been
On the psychological selection of bio-cultural information
MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI* and FAUST0 MASSIMINIi *Department of Behavioral Sciences, Committee on Human Development, The University of Chicago, 5730 South Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637,
Culture theory: The developing synthesis from biology
ConclusionsWe believe that a useful, complete theory of culture is simpler than the dichotomies promoted by the coevolutionary approach suggest. Culture can be regarded as an aspect of the


Darwinian Psychological Anthropology: A Biosocial Approach [and Comments and Reply]
Psychological anthropology has contributed more to cross-cultural psychology and psychiatry than to its parent discipline. Needed is a biosocial psychological anthropology stressing the analysis of
Culture, Genuine and Spurious
  • E. Sapir
  • Sociology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1924
Varying definitions of culture. The ethnologist's or culture-historian's use of the term. Individual culture as a traditional ideal. The general spirit of the "genius" of a national civilization;
Social organization and the environment: Aspects of contemporary social ethology
Summary 1. A major development within the ethology of the last decade focusses attention upon the relations between social behaviour, ecology and population dynamics. This field may be termed ‘social
Genetic and cultural pools: Some suggestions for a unified theory of biocultural evolution
By introducing the concept of the natural selection of individual organisms, Darwin was able to cut through the mystification surrounding theological discussions of the origin of species. By placing
Symbolic Consensus in a Fang Reformative Cult1
THE concepts of "consensus" and "symbol," like the proverb to non-literate peoples, appear to be for many students of human behavior work horses of theoretical discourse. Like the proverb, however,
The Rise Of Anthropological Theory
With the agreement of author and publisher, pre-publication copies of The Rise of Anthropological Theory (New York: Crowell, 1968) were sent for review to 25 scholars. Of these, the followingf
Film Studies in Human Ethology
Since the time of Darwin, we have known that the key to the understanding of human behavior lies in man's phylogenetic origin. The discovery by ethologists of phylogenetic adaptations in the behavior
The Symbol: The Origin and Basis of Human Behavior
  • L. White
  • Mathematics
    Philosophy of Science
  • 1940
In July, 1939, a celebration was held at Leland Stanford University to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the discovery that the cell is the basic unit of all living tissue. Today we are
Caribbean Family Organization: A Comparative Analysis1
CARIBBEAN family organization is characterized by a domestic system in which women play a dominant role. This type of family organization is not just confined to the Caribbean, but is found
Adaptation and Natural Selection. (Book Reviews: Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought)
George Williams's "Adaptation and Natural Selection", now a classic of science literature, is a thorough and convincing essay in defense of Darwinism; its suggestions for developing effective principles for dealing with the evolution debate and its relevance to many fields outside biology ensure the timelessness of this critical work.