Is There a Role for Diet in the Therapy of Rheumatoid Arthritis?

  title={Is There a Role for Diet in the Therapy of Rheumatoid Arthritis?},
  author={Sara K. Tedeschi and Karen H. Costenbader},
  journal={Current Rheumatology Reports},
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often inquire about dietary interventions to improve RA symptoms. Although the majority of studies of diet and RA were published prior to the start of the twenty-first century, this review discusses the evidence for a relationship between diet, in particular omega-3 fatty acid supplements, vitamin D supplements, alcohol, and the Mediterranean diet and RA disease activity. We review possible mechanisms by which these dietary intakes may affect RA disease… 

Managing Rheumatoid Arthritis with Dietary Interventions

Various diets and food which help in reducing levels of inflammatory cytokines in RA patients that may play an effective role in management of RA following proper patient awareness are discussed.

The effects of the Mediterranean diet on rheumatoid arthritis prevention and treatment: a systematic review of human prospective studies

This review has identified beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet in reducing pain and increasing physical function in people living with rheumatoid arthritis, however, there is currently insufficient evidence to support widespread recommendation of theiterranean diet for prevention of rhearatoid arthritis.

Yubin Luo , Can dietary intervention be an auxiliary therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis ? ( 2018 )

Though several recommendations on dietary intervention could be given based on existing research, more accurate and definitive studies are still needed to explore the auxiliary therapeutic effect of dietary intervention on RA.

Diet and Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms: Survey Results From a Rheumatoid Arthritis Registry

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often ask whether specific foods, popularized as inflammatory or antiinflammatory, can improve or worsen their RA. Patients with RA took a survey on diet and

Lifestyle habits and quality of life in established rheumatoid arthritis

Quality of life in patients with established RA was influenced by the balance between the ideal situation and the reality with regard to the lifestyle habits physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol use, which influenced quality of life through limitation, selfregulation, and companionship.

Western and Healthy Dietary Patterns and Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Case-Control Study

A positive association between the Western dietary pattern and RA was showed and no significant differences were seen in scores of healthy diet between the groups.

The Effect of Ketogenic Diet on Inflammatory Arthritis and Cardiovascular Health in Rheumatic Conditions: A Mini Review

KD was shown to be effective in reducing disease symptoms, possibly through the production of β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), the main ketone body, and intermittent fasting improved the clinical manifestations of psoriatic arthritis.

Saturated fatty acids intake is associated with muscle atrophy in rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease characterized by joint inflammation, abnormal body composition, and an increased risk for sarc Openia, but little is known of the relation between nutrient intake and sarcopenia in RA.

A Posteriori Dietary Patterns and Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity: A Beneficial Role of Vegetable and Animal Unsaturated Fatty Acids

It is shown that scoring high on DPs based on unsaturated fats from either source provides independent beneficial effects of clinical relevance on RA disease activity, thus strengthening evidence on the topic.



Diet and rheumatoid arthritis: a review of the literature.

An experimental study of a Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis

The results indicate that patients with RA, by adjusting to a Mediterranean diet, did obtain a reduction in inflammatory activity, an increase in physical function, and improved vitality.

Fasting followed by vegetarian diet in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review.

Clinical experience suggests that fasting followed by vegetarian diet may help patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We reviewed the available scientific evidence, because patients frequently ask

Antioxidant intervention in rheumatoid arthritis: results of an open pilot study

An open pilot study aimed to assess the clinical relevance of an antioxidant intervention as a first step in assessing potential beneficial effects of antioxidants on rheumatoid arthritis and confirmed a causal relation between changes in clinical condition and antioxidants.

A vegan diet free of gluten improves the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis: the effects on arthritis correlate with a reduction in antibodies to food antigens.

Evidence is provided that dietary modification may be of clinical benefit for certain RA patients, and that this benefit may be related to a reduction in immunoreactivity to food antigens eliminated by the change in diet.

Dietary and allergic associations with rheumatoid arthritis: Self‐report of 704 patients

It is suggested that a subset of RA patients might have food sensitivity as a component of clinical activity, but most patients find no associations between foods and clinical status.

Vitamin D intake and risks of systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis in women

Vitamin D intake was not associated with risk of SLE or RA in these large prospective cohorts of women followed from 1980 to 2002 in the Nurses’ Health Study and Nurses' Health Study II cohorts.

Vitamin D in rheumatoid arthritis—towards clinical application

The current knowledge of vitamin D and the immune system specifically in RA is described, and the potential benefits that vitamin D might have on slowing RA progression are discussed, to facilitate earlier diagnosis and treatment, and improve therapeutic outcomes.

Anti-inflammatory effects of a low arachidonic acid diet and fish oil in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

A diet low in arachidonic acid ameliorates clinical signs of inflammation in patients with RA and augments the beneficial effect of fish oil supplementation.

Effects of high-dose fish oil on rheumatoid arthritis after stopping nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Clinical and immune correlates.

Patients taking dietary supplements of fish oil exhibit improvements in clinical parameters of disease activity from baseline, including the number of tender joints, and these improvements are associated with significant decreases in levels of IL-1 beta from baseline.