Is There a Glass Ceiling over Europe? Exploring the Gender Pay Gap across the Wage Distribution

@article{Arulampalam2004IsTA,
  title={Is There a Glass Ceiling over Europe? Exploring the Gender Pay Gap across the Wage Distribution},
  author={Wiji Arulampalam and Alison Booth and Mark L Bryan},
  journal={Industrial \& Labor Relations Review},
  year={2004},
  volume={60},
  pages={163 - 186}
}
Using harmonized data for the years 1995–2001 from the European Community Household Panel, the authors analyze gender pay gaps by sector across the wage distribution in eleven countries. In estimations that control for the effects of individual characteristics at different points of the distribution, they calculate the part of the gap attributable to differing returns between men and women. The magnitude of the gender pay gap, thus measured, varied substantially across countries and across the… 
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Glass Ceilings in Portugal?: An Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap Using a Quantile Regression Approach
  • Raquel Mendes
  • Economics, Computer Science
    Int. J. Hum. Cap. Inf. Technol. Prof.
  • 2010
TLDR
The main objective is to empirically test whether gender-based wage discrimination is greater among high paid employees, in line with glass ceiling hypothesis, and to investigate for statistical evidence of a glass ceiling effect on women's wages in Portugal.
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