Is There a Clash of Civilizations? Evidence from Patterns of International Conflict Involvement, 1946-97

  title={Is There a Clash of Civilizations? Evidence from Patterns of International Conflict Involvement, 1946-97},
  author={Giacomo Chiozza},
  journal={Journal of Peace Research},
  pages={711 - 734}
  • G. Chiozza
  • Published 1 November 2002
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Peace Research
This article offers an empirical test of Huntington's thesis in The Clash of Civilizations. Huntington argues that states belonging to different civilizations will have a higher propensity to be involved in international conflict. This effect should be more prominent in the post-Cold War period. The civilization factor should also interact with membership in different Cold War blocs, border contiguity, regime type, and levels of modernization, magnifying or depressing the basic effects of these… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Examining Conflict Escalation Within the Civilizations Context
Samuel Huntington's article and book on the clash of civilizations has created a great deal of controversy and interest. The focus of this is his assertion that in the post-Cold War era, there will
Clash of Civilizations : Impact of Culture on Militarized Interstate Dispute
Huntington (1993a, 1993b, 1998, 2000) argued that the fundamental source of conflict in the post-Cold War world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic, but the great divisions among
Culture, Conflict and Proxy Wars: A Macro Clash of Civilizations?
Samuel Huntington’s “Clash of Civilizations” (CoC) thesis remains one of the most controversial theoretical models in International Relations. The article The Clash of Civilizations published in
Gauging the Magnitude of Civilization Conflict
Multiple studies of Huntington’s suggestion of a clash of civilizations have found no support for it. This study does not reanalyze his thesis, but rather focuses on specific features of the
Déjà Vu All Over Again: A post-Cold War empirical analysis of Samuel Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilizations’ Theory
Many in the media have depicted conflicts between the Western and Muslim worlds as a ‘Clash of Civilizations’ (CoC), and this has revived many of the questions surrounding the value of Samuel
Not Letting Evidence Get in the Way of Assumptions: Testing the Clash of Civilizations Thesis with More Recent Data
In this research note I examine Huntington's ‘clash of civilizations’ thesis in the light of his arguments to his detractors to apply his thesis to post-Cold War armed conflicts within states.
Civilizational Conflicts: More Frequent, Longer, and Bloodier?
Huntington’s clash of civilizations thesis considers interstate and intrastate conflicts between groups of different civilizations to be more frequent, longer, and more violent than conflicts within
Cultural Distance and Interstate Conflicts 1
The literature on the impact of culture on the conduct of international affairs, in particular on conflict proneness, is growing fast. Yet, the question of whether markers of identity influence
Economic Clash? The Role of Cultural Cleavages in Bilateral Trade Relations
Using a theory based gravity equation, I first show that cultural dissimilarity (similarity) negatively (positively) affects bilateral imports of countries. More importantly, I examine Huntington's


Clash of Civilizations, or Realism and Liberalism Déjà Vu? Some Evidence
We assess the degree to which propositions from Samuel Huntington's The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order can account for the incidence of militarized interstate disputes between
Clear and Present Strangers: The Clash of Civilizations and International Conflict
Huntington's (1993a, 1993b, 1996) clash of civilizations thesis suggests that states belonging to different civilizations are more likely to become involved in conflict with one another. To evaluate
Polities and Peace
In this paper, we review the central claim of a growing literature: that is, that democratic states rarely, if ever, wage war against and are very unlikely to engage in militarized disputes with
Two Civilizations and Ethnic Conflict: Islam and the West
Samuel Huntington's controversial `Clash of Civilizations' argument posits, among other things, that the extent of both international and domestic conflict between `civilizations' will increase with
The War Trap
"This illuminating work is a masterful study that delves into the causes of war using a wholly new approach. Utilizing the assumptions of rational behavior, de Mesquita focuses on the perspective of
Peoples Against States: Ethnopolitical Conflict and the Changing World System1994 Presidential Address
The post—Cold War surge in so-called tribal conflict is shown here to be the continuation of a trend that began in the 1960s. The main issue of the fifty most serious current ethnopolitical conflicts
A study of crisis
As the twentieth century draws to a close, it is time to look back on an epoch of widespread turmoil, including two world wars, the end of the colonial era in world history, and a large number of
Militarized Interstate Disputes, 1816–1992: Rationale, Coding Rules, and Empirical Patterns
Militarized interstate disputes are united historical cases of conflict in which the threat, display or use of military force short of war by one member state is explicitly directed towards the
A Tale of Two Democratic Peace Critiques
Of approximately 100 empirical democratic peace articles published in journals and papers presented at conferences over the last 10 years, none identifies a positive and statistically significant
The Classical Liberals Were Right: Democracy, Interdependence, and Conflict, 1950–1985
The liberals believed that economic interdependence, as well as democracy, would reduce the incidence of interstate conflict. In this article, we test both their economic and their political