Is There Something Special about Low-Carbohydrate Diets?

@article{Bray2005IsTS,
  title={Is There Something Special about Low-Carbohydrate Diets?},
  author={George A Bray},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  year={2005},
  volume={142},
  pages={469-470}
}
  • G. Bray
  • Published 2005
  • Medicine
  • Annals of Internal Medicine
Obesity is increasing rapidly and has been called an epidemic by the World Health Organization and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1, 2). Controlling this epidemic will require an integrated strategy, including education, regulation by appropriate state and federal agencies, and modifications in food supply (3, 4). Regardless of the effectiveness of preventive strategies, some individuals will develop an unhealthy weight, reflected in a high body mass index (BMI), and will need… Expand
4 Citations
Low carbohydrate diets for weight loss: historical & environmental perspective.
TLDR
This group and others have looked at weight loss in obese individuals using a low carbohydrate diet and have shown some success at six months and one year and the reason for weight loss on this diet was initially thought to be diuresis from increased ketone production but it may be due to decreased insulin concentrations causing a decrease in appetite. Expand
Low-carbohydrate diets affect energy balance and fuel homeostasis differentially in lean and obese rats.
TLDR
Principal differences exist in the underlying hormonal regulatory mechanisms, which could have benefits for B-cell functioning and insulin action in the obese state but not in the lean state, and despite adverse consequences of LC-HsF diets on blood glucose homeostasis. Expand
Lipoproteins in Diabetes: Risk and Opportunity
TLDR
The dyslipidemia is characterized by high plasma triglyceride, low levels of high density lipoproteins, and small, dense low density lipiproteins —all of which contribute to the atherogenic state in diabetes. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
Popular diets: a scientific review.
TLDR
The objective of this article is to review the scientific literature on various types of popular diets based on their macronutrient composition in an attempt to answer questions about weight loss and/or weight maintenance. Expand
Effect of a Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Appetite, Blood Glucose Levels, and Insulin Resistance in Obese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
TLDR
The effects of a strict low-carbohydrate diet, which included the diet supplements recommended by Dr. Atkins, on energy intake and expenditure, body weight and body water, glucose metabolism, and insulin sensitivity in obese patients with type 2 diabetes in the controlled environment of a clinical research center are determined. Expand
The Effects of Low-Carbohydrate versus Conventional Weight Loss Diets in Severely Obese Adults: One-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Trial
TLDR
The findings 1 year after randomization to a low-carbohydrate diet versus a high-fat weight loss diet (conventional diet) in severely obese adults with a high prevalence of diabetes or the metabolic syndrome are reported. Expand
Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin.
TLDR
Lifestyle changes and treatment with metformin both reduced the incidence of diabetes in persons at high risk and the lifestyle intervention was more effective than meetformin. Expand
A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity.
TLDR
The low-carbohydrate diet produced a greater weight loss than did the conventional diet for the first six months, but the differences were not significant at one year and the low- carbohydrate diet was associated with a greater improvement in some risk factors for coronary heart disease. Expand
A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women.
TLDR
A very low carbohydrate diet is more effective than a low fat diet for short-term weight loss and, over 6 months, is not associated with deleterious effects on important cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women. Expand
Beyond energy balance: there is more to obesity than kilocalories.
Using an epidemiologic model of the interactions between environmental agents and human hosts to explain obesity, we explored food, medications, physical inactivity, toxins, and viruses asExpand
Compliance to dietary advice directed towards increasing the carbohydrate to fat ratio of the everyday diet.
TLDR
Advice aiming at increasing diet's carbohydrate to fat ratio induces a loss of fat mass with fat-free mass maintenance, and was positively correlated to the loss of body fat mass. Expand
CALORIES DO COUNT.
TLDR
It is obvious that the significant factor responsible for weight loss is reduction of calories, irrespective of the composition of the diet. Expand
A 9-mo randomized clinical trial comparing fat-substituted and fat-reduced diets in healthy obese men: the Ole Study.
TLDR
Replacement of dietary fat with olestra reduces body weight and total body fat when compared with a 25%-fat diet or a control diet containing 33% fat. Expand
...
1
2
...