Is Isolation Room Time-Out a Punisher?

@article{Smith1981IsIR,
  title={Is Isolation Room Time-Out a Punisher?},
  author={Donald E. Smith},
  journal={Behavioral Disorders},
  year={1981},
  volume={6},
  pages={247 - 256}
}
The commonly held assumption that time-out intervention, as represented by use of an isolation room, constitutes a punisher is disputed on empirical and theoretical ground. Consistent, unemotional use of T-O, without ancillary punishers, is shown to result in typical extinction curves (rather than the steeper gradient of punishment curves) for both autistic and mentally impaired children with widely different abrasive behaviors. Such curves ordinarily result from withdrawal of either a positive… 

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