Is Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection Always Sexually Transmitted?

  title={Is Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection Always Sexually Transmitted?},
  author={Tay Sun-Kuie and Ho Tew-Hongw and Lim-Tan Soo-Kim},
  journal={Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology},
Summary: The occurrence of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection was studied prospectively by colposcopy and histology in 43 virginal and 162 sexually active women attending a colposcopy clinic. The study also included 111 husbands of the latter group. By colposcopic criteria, the prevalence of HPV infection was 51.1% in the virginal and 69.1% in the sexually active women. The prevalence was 77.1% among men whose wives had HPV infection compared to 13.3% among men whose wives did not… 
Genital human papillomavirus infection in men.
The Absence of Genital Human Papillomavirus DNA in Virginal Women
It is concluded that HPV infection prior to sexual intercourse, as determined by tampons specimens, is rare, even in those participating in other forms of sexual activity.
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Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a significant source of morbidity and mortality among the young population and, together with HIV, is considered the most costly sexually transmitted disease
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Promoting greater understanding in the general public about the evident benefits of vaccination can create positive vaccine attitudes and scatter the myths of spurious side effects.
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The reported low prevalence of carcinogenic HPV infections supports the appropriateness of HPV immunisation in this population of HIV-infected adolescent females and the reported association between cleansing practices and HPV infection deserves further prospective longitudinal studies.
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This study has identified hand carriage of genital HPV types in patients with genital warts and raises the possibility of transmission by finger-genital contact.


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The vagina and vestibule were found to be frequent sites of human papillomavirus infection with the same virus type as in the cervix, and progression to carcinoma in situ (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III) was correlated with initial isolation ofhuman papillmavirus 16/18.
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