Is Europe Evolving Toward an Integrated Research Area?

  title={Is Europe Evolving Toward an Integrated Research Area?},
  author={Alessandro Chessa and Andrea Morescalchi and Fabio Pammolli and Orion Penner and Alexander Michael Petersen and Massimo Riccaboni},
  pages={650 - 651}
Despite efforts to integrate across borders, Europe remains a collection of national innovation systems. Efforts toward European research and development (R&D) integration have a long history, intensifying with the Fifth Framework Programme (FP) in 1998 (1–3) and the launch of the European Research Area (ERA) initiative at the Lisbon European Council in 2000. A key component of the European Union (EU) strategy for innovation and growth (4, 5), the ERA aims to overcome national borders through… 
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