Is Diversity Detrimental? Ethnic Fractionalization, Public Goods Provision, and the Historical Legacies of Stateness

@article{Wimmer2016IsDD,
  title={Is Diversity Detrimental? Ethnic Fractionalization, Public Goods Provision, and the Historical Legacies of Stateness},
  author={Andreas Wimmer},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  year={2016},
  volume={49},
  pages={1407 - 1445}
}
  • A. Wimmer
  • Published 1 September 2016
  • Economics
  • Comparative Political Studies
Existing research has shown that highly diverse countries tend to provide less public goods. This article argues, by contrast, that the relationship is spurious: both contemporary ethnic heterogeneity and low public goods provision represent legacies of a weakly developed state capacity inherited from the past. Classical theories of state formation are then tested to show that favorable topography and climate, high population densities, as well as a history of warfare are conducive to state… 

Figures from this paper

Ethnicity in Time
This article revisits and seeks to challenge one of the most powerful hypotheses in the political economy scholarship: the supposedly negative relationship between ethnic diversity and public goods
Ethnic Diversity and Ethnic Discrimination: Explaining Local Public Goods Provision
Numerous studies have found that ethnic diversity is negatively associated with the provision of local public goods. However, these accounts neglect both the strong role of central institutions in
When Coethnicity Fails
Abstract Why do communities with larger shares of ethnic and racial minorities have worse public goods provision? Many studies have emphasized the role of diversity in hindering public outcomes, but
Diversity, Institutions, and Economic Outcomes: Post-WWII Displacement in Poland
How does an increase in cultural diversity affect state–society interactions? Do institutional differences between heterogeneous and homogeneous communities influence economic activity? I argue that
Are minorities free riders? Applying the social resistance framework to public goods production in Central‐Eastern Europe
One of the key reasons for the scholarly and policy concern about the rising levels of ethnic diversity is its apparently detrimental effect on the production of public goods. Although numerous
When Co-ethnicity Fails
Why do communities with larger shares of ethnic and racial minorities have worse public outcomes such as service provision? Many studies emphasize the role of diversity and other demographic
Ethnic Autonomy
This article explores the evolution of state infrastructural capacity by studying postal networks in early-modern Europe. Previous research indicates that the capacity to collect information and
Immigration, Ethnic Diversity and Public Goods Provisioning: Evidence from Rural Communities in Uganda
A significant body of literature suggests that immigration undermines voluntary contributions to public goods because it leads to ethnic diversity, which in turn erodes social trust. This article
Peace from the past
Research on the relationship between political institutions and civil war has paid insufficient attention to the role of traditional institutions in developing countries. This study presents large-N
Can Immigration Explain Why Ethnic Diversity Is Negatively Associated With Common Property Management?
A persistent question in the political economy literature is the extent to which societal levels of ethnic diversity, and rates of immigration, make collective action difficult to achieve (or
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 97 REFERENCES
Why Does Ethnic Diversity Undermine Public Goods Provision?
A large and growing literature links high levels of ethnic diversity to low levels of public goods provision. Yet although the empirical connection between ethnic heterogeneity and the underprovision
Comparative Analysis of Ethnic Diversity Measures on Provisioning of Basic Public Goods: Cross Country Assessment
Ethnic diversity and provision of public goods have long been understood to share a negative relationship. While there has been a concerted effort to define and measure ethnic diversity around the
The Limited Local Impacts of Ethnic and Racial Diversity
The United States has more immigrants than at any time since the 1920s and immigration rates remain high. Past research unequivocally predicts that the resulting increase in ethnic and racial
Nation Building. A Long-Term Perspective and Global Analysis
Why have some states been captured by specific ethnic elites and their clienteles, excluding all others from access to government power? Conversely, what explains political inclusion across ethnic
Collective Action in Diverse Sierra Leone Communities
Scholars have pointed to ethnic and other social divisions as a leading cause of economic underdevelopment, due in part to their adverse effects on public good provision and collective action. We
Ethnic diversity, social sanctions, and public goods in Kenya
Struggling over the Boundaries of Belonging: A Formal Model of Nation Building, Ethnic Closure, and Populism1
This article explores the conditions under which political modernization leads to nation building, to the politicization of ethnic cleavages, or to populism by modeling these three outcomes as more
Ethnic Politics and Armed Conflict: A Configurational Analysis of a New Global Data Set
Quantitative scholarship on civil wars has long debated whether ethnic diversity breeds armed conflict. We go beyond this debate and show that highly diverse societies are not more conflict prone.
The roots of ethnic diversity
The level of ethnic diversity is believed to have significant consequences for economic and political development within countries. In this article, we provide a theoretical and empirical analysis of
E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty‐first Century The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture
Ethnic diversity is increasing in most advanced countries, driven mostly by sharp increases in immigration. In the long run immigration and diversity are likely to have important cultural, economic,
...
...