Is Child Labor Inefficient?

@article{Baland2000IsCL,
  title={Is Child Labor Inefficient?},
  author={Jean‐Marie Baland and James Adolph Robinson},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={2000},
  volume={108},
  pages={663 - 679}
}
We build a model of child labor and study its implications for welfare. We assume that there is a trade‐off between child labor and the accumulation of human capital. Even if parents are altruistic and child labor is socially inefficient, it may arise in equilibrium because parents fail to fully internalize its negative effects. This occurs when bequests are zero or when capital markets are imperfect. We also study the effects of a simple ban on child labor and derive conditions under which it… Expand
Rotten Parents and Child Labor
We show that taking into account the consequences of child labor on both childhood welfare and human capital investment, instead of focusing exclusively on the human capital dimension, brings newExpand
Comments Rotten Parents and Child Labor
Baland and Robinson (2000) investigate the conditions under which decisions by parents about their own children’s work are inefficient. Using a simple two-period model with altruistically linkedExpand
Mortality Risks and Child Labor
In this paper, we investigate the role of young adult mortality on child labor and educational decisions. We show that, in the absence of appropriate insurance mechanisms, the level of child labor isExpand
Child Labor and School Policies
This paper investigates whether child labor is socially inefficient. Baland and Robinson (2000) show that child labor might be inefficient when parents care for their children’s welfare. In theirExpand
The macroeconomics of child labor regulation
We develop a positive theory of the adoption of child labor laws. Workers who compete with children in the labor market support a child labor ban, unless their own working children provide a largeExpand
Chapter 1 Origins and Consequences of Child-Labor Restrictions: A Macroeconomic Perspective
We investigate the positive and normative consequences of child-labor restrictions for economic aggregates and welfare. We argue that even though the laissez-faire outcome may be inefficient, thereExpand
A Theory of Exploitative Child Labor
We develop a model of exploitative child labor with two key features: first, parents have imperfect information about whether employment opportunities available to their children are exploitative orExpand
Origins and Consequences of Child Labor Restrictions: A Macroeconomic Perspective
In this paper we investigate the positive and normative consequences of child-labour restrictions for economic aggregates and welfare. We argue that even though the laissez-faire equilibrium may beExpand
Credit constraints and the phenomenon of child labor
Abstract This paper develops an overlapping generations general equilibrium model where inefficient child labor arises due to credit constraints. It derives a positive relationship between inequalityExpand
Fiscal Policy, Expectation Traps, and Child Labor
"This paper develops a dynamic model with overlapping generations where there are two possible equilibria: one without child labor, and one with it. It is shown that intergenerational transfers canExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
A Bequest-Constrained Economy: Welfare Analysis
Bequest constraints have played a major role in discussions of debt neutrality but their welfare implications were not sufficiently dealt with in the literature. In this paper we focus on the welfareExpand
Labour market structure and reproductive behavior in rural Southeast Asia
The authors argue that one cannot adequately evaluate the economic value of children or its implications for reproductive behavior among the poor without reference to the broader context of laborExpand
Fertility, schooling, and the economic contribution of children in rural India: an econometric analysis.
A household time-allocative model which explicitly takes into account the economic contribution of children in agricultural areas of less-developed countries is applied to direct-level dataExpand
Intergenerational Trade, Longevity, and Economic Growth
We develop an overlapping-generations model of endogenous growth in which human capital is the engine of growth and the generations are linked through material and emotional interdependencies withinExpand
A Fresh Look at the Rotten Kid Theorem--and Other Household Mysteries
  • T. Bergstrom
  • Mathematics, Economics
  • Journal of Political Economy
  • 1989
Gary Becker's "Rotten Kid theorem" asserts that if all family members receive gifts of money income from a benevolent household member, then even if the household head does not precommit to anExpand
Child Labor and Schooling in Ghana
Child labor is a widespread, growing problem in the developing world. About 250 million of the world's children work, nearly half of them full-time. Child labor (regular participation in the laborExpand
Child labor versus educational attainment Some evidence from Latin America
TLDR
It was found that labor force participation is non-trivial among those below the legal working age or supposed to be in school and the fact that a child is working reduces his or her educational attainment by about 2 years of schooling relative to the control group of non-working children. Expand
A Treatise on the Family
Preface to the Enlarged Edition Introduction 1. Single-Person Households 2. Division of Labor in Households and Families Supplement: Human Capital, Effort, and the Sexual Division of Labor 3.Expand
Child labour or school attendance? Evidence from Zambia
TLDR
The empirical analysis suggests that both economic and sociological variables are important determinants for the choice between school attendance and child labour in an LDC. Expand
The child and the state in India : child labor and education policy in comparative perspective
India has the largest number of non-schoolgoing working children in the world. Why has the government not removed them from the labor force and required that they attend school, as have theExpand
...
1
2
3
...