Is Child Labor Harmful? The Impact of Working Earlier in Life on Adult Earnings

  title={Is Child Labor Harmful? The Impact of Working Earlier in Life on Adult Earnings},
  author={Patrick M. Emerson and Andre Portela Souza},
  journal={Economic Development and Cultural Change},
  pages={345 - 385}
  • Patrick M. Emerson, Andre Portela Souza
  • Published 2011
  • Economics, Medicine
  • Economic Development and Cultural Change
  • This paper explores the question: is working as a child harmful to an individual in terms of adult outcomes in earnings? Although this is an extremely important question, little is known about the effect of child labor on adult outcomes. Estimations of an instrumental variables earnings model on data from Brazil show that child labor has a large negative impact on adult earnings for male children even when controlling for schooling and that the negative impact of starting to work as a child… CONTINUE READING
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