Is Bilingualism Associated With Enhanced Executive Functioning in Adults? A Meta-Analytic Review

@article{Lehtonen2018IsBA,
  title={Is Bilingualism Associated With Enhanced Executive Functioning in Adults? A Meta-Analytic Review},
  author={Minna Lehtonen and Anna Soveri and Aini Laine and Janica J{\"a}rvenp{\"a}{\"a} and Angela de Bruin and Jan Antfolk},
  journal={Psychological Bulletin},
  year={2018},
  volume={144},
  pages={394–425}
}
Because of enduring experience of managing two languages, bilinguals have been argued to develop superior executive functioning compared with monolinguals. Despite extensive investigation, there is, however, no consensus regarding the existence of such a bilingual advantage. Here we synthesized comparisons of bilinguals’ and monolinguals’ performance in six executive domains using 891 effect sizes from 152 studies on adults. We also included unpublished data, and considered the potential… Expand
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