Is Alexithymia the Emotional Equivalent of Blindsight?

  title={Is Alexithymia the Emotional Equivalent of Blindsight?},
  author={Richard D. Lane and Geoffrey L. Ahern and Gary E. Schwartz and Alfred W. Kaszniak},
  journal={Biological Psychiatry},

Alexithymia and automatic processing of emotional stimuli: a systematic review

Results from studies using behavioral or neurobiological research methods were systematically reviewed in which automatic processing of external emotional information was investigated as a function of alexithymia in healthy individuals, revealing deficits in the automaticprocessing of emotional stimuli in alexithsymia at a behavioral and Neurobiological level.

The neurocognition of alexithymia: evidence from neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies

Despite the diffuse neural representation, the alexithymia construct can be usefully applied in the clinical and empirical studies of social cognition, particularly when adopting a dimensional neuropsychological approach.

Mixed emotions: the contribution of alexithymia to the emotional symptoms of autism

It is argued that, where observed, emotional impairments are due to alexithymia—a condition that frequently co-occurs with autism—rather than a feature of autism per se, and has wide-reaching implications for the study of autism.

Schizotypy and emotional memory.

Alexithymia in schizophrenia

It is suggested that alexithymia may not be affected per se in schizophrenia (as indicated by the lack of group differences on the self-report measure of this construct), but that schizophrenia-related difficulties do emerge in contexts where cognitive demands are incremented.

The Impact of Alexithymia on Anxiety Disorders: a Review of the Literature

Alexithymia is characterized by difficulties in recognizing and verbalizing feelings, a paucity of fantasy life, concrete speech, and thought closely tied to external events. The alexithymia

The alexithymic brain: the neural pathways linking alexithymia to physical disorders

The role of emotion in the development of physical symptoms and a possible pathway that is identified in neuroimaging studies linking alexithymia with psychosomatic disorders are considered.

Neural correlates of alexithymia in response to emotional stimuli: a study of anorexia nervosa patients.

The results suggest that alexithymia in AN patients is associated with a deficit in the cognitive evaluation of negative emotions concerning body image, and this trait might ultimately help to better account for the psychopathological mechanism that underlies AN.



Stress reactivity in alexithymia: decoupling of physiological and cognitive responses.

Analyses of mood data revealed a significant increase in tension following the stress quiz in the nonalexithymic group, while the alexithymics demonstrated an increased in tension in anticipation of the stressor.

The expression and perception of facial emotion in alexithymia: a pilot study.

Results show that alexithymics were comparable to controls in judgments of the impact of provocative slides and in their ability to label posed expressions and suggest that deficits in nonverbal expression are central to the phenomenon.

The Infantile Personality: The Core Problem of Psychosomatic Medicine

  • J. Ruesch
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychosomatic medicine
  • 1948
An attempt is made to discuss the immature personality as related to psychosomatic conditions, thus providing a better understanding of the psychotherapeutic needs of these patients.

Passive avoidance in syndromes of disinhibition: psychopathy and extraversion.

Results from three experiments supported the prediction that psychopaths and extraverts would exhibit deficient passive avoidance relative to nonpsychopaths and introverts, respectively and confirmed the existence of an indirect relationship between psychopathy and extraversion.

Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state.

The problem of which cues, internal or external, permit a person to label and identify his own emotional state has been with us since the days that James (1890) first tendered his doctrine that "the

The aprosodias. Functional-anatomic organization of the affective components of language in the right hemisphere.

  • E. Ross
  • Psychology
    Archives of neurology
  • 1981
The term "aprosodia," preceded by specific modifiers such as motor, global, transcortical sensory, etc, seems appropriate when classifying the various disorders of affective language that occur following-right-hemisphere damage.

A California Q-set alexithymia prototype and its relationship to ego-control and ego-resiliency.

Denial revisited: reflections on psychosomatic theory.

  • J. Nemiah
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychotherapy and psychosomatics
  • 1975
It is suggested that neurophysiological hypotheses may be more useful for understanding psychosomatic processes and specifically that disturbances in the function of the palleostriatral dopamine tract are related to Psychosomatic disorders.

Impaired Verbal and Nonverbal Emotion Recognition in Alexithymia

The results suggest that alexithymia is associated with impaired verbal and nonverbal recognition of emotion stimuli and that the hallmark of alexithsymia, a difficulty in putting emotion into words, may be a marker of a more general impairment in the capacity for emotion information processing.