Is Active Commuting the Answer to Population Health?

@article{Shephard2008IsAC,
  title={Is Active Commuting the Answer to Population Health?},
  author={Roy J Shephard},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2008},
  volume={38},
  pages={751-758}
}
This brief review examines whether active commuting is an effective method of controlling the current obesity epidemic and enhancing the cardiovascular health of the population. Of the many potential methods of active commuting, walking and cycling are the usual choices. Children and adolescents prefer cycling, but for adults issues of safety, cycle storage and company dress codes make walking the preferred option, particularly in North American cities, where urban design and weather conditions… Expand
The Exercising Commuter: Is Commuting a Healthy Way to Be Active?
  • R. Shephard
  • Medicine
  • Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
  • 2012
TLDR
After summarizing knowledge gaps through 2008, research on exercise commuting is reviewed for 2008–2011 and evidence has accumulated showing enhanced cardiorespiratory fitness and fewer cardiovascular risk factors among active commuters. Expand
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TLDR
To fully grasp active commuting behaviors in future studies, both walking and cycling should be assessed over different seasons and ideally over the whole year. Expand
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TLDR
Improving the convenience of walking, cycling and public transport and limiting the availability of workplace car parking may promote uptake and maintenance of active commuting. Expand
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TLDR
Utilitarian walking and cycling were associated with higher daily MVPA in youth and cycling was associated with a more consistent pattern of health benefits than walking. Expand
Associations between active commuting to school and objectively measured physical activity.
TLDR
To provide more accurate assessment of active commuting in children and adolescents future studies should incorporate multiple methodologies such as global position systems (GPS), accelerometers, cycle computers, and self-reported measurements. Expand
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TLDR
Examination of the descriptive epidemiology of all active travel and its associations with recreational and total physical activity in a sample of adults in the UK found substantial physical activity can be accumulated through active travel which also contributes to greater totalPhysical activity. Expand
Walking and cycling for commuting, leisure and errands: relations with individual characteristics and leisure-time physical activity in a cross-sectional survey (the ACTI-Cités project)
TLDR
In adults walking and cycling socio-demographic and physical activity correlates differ by domain (commuting, leisure and errands), and better knowledge of relationships between domains should help to develop interventions focusing on the right population, but also the right behavior. Expand
Increased physical activity in abdominally obese women through support for changed commuting habits: a randomized clinical trial
TLDR
Abdominally obese women can increase PA long-term through moderate-intensity behavioural support aimed at changing commuting habits through cycling and walking to and from work. Expand
Active commuting influences among adults.
TLDR
A range of influences on self-reported AC behavior is examined to provide insight for the development of policies and programs to enhance population level AC. Expand
A walk (or cycle) to the park: active transit to neighborhood amenities, the CARDIA study.
TLDR
Variation in health-related benefits by active transit mode, if validated in prospective studies, may have implications for transportation planning and research. Expand
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