Irreversible work and inner friction in quantum thermodynamic processes.

  title={Irreversible work and inner friction in quantum thermodynamic processes.},
  author={Francesco Plastina and Antonio Alecce and Tony John George Apollaro and Giovanni Falcone and Gianluca Francica and Fernando Galve and N. Lo Gullo and Roberta Zambrini},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={113 26},
We discuss the thermodynamics of closed quantum systems driven out of equilibrium by a change in a control parameter and undergoing a unitary process. We compare the work actually done on the system with the one that would be performed along ideal adiabatic and isothermal transformations. The comparison with the latter leads to the introduction of irreversible work, while that with the former leads to the introduction of inner friction. We show that these two quantities can be treated on an… Expand
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