Ironic effects of repetition: measuring age-related differences in memory.

  title={Ironic effects of repetition: measuring age-related differences in memory.},
  author={Larry L. Jacoby},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  volume={25 1},
  • L. Jacoby
  • Published 1999
  • Psychology
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
Four experiments examined ironic effects of repetition, effects opposite to those desired (cf. D. M. Wegner, 1994). For an exclusion task, participants were to respond "yes" to words heard earlier but "no" to words that were read earlier. Results from young adults given adequate time to respond showed that false alarms to earlier-read words decreased with their repetition. An opposite, ironic effect of repetition was found for elderly adults--false alarms to earlier-read words increased with… 

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