Iron-smelting furnaces and metallurgical traditions of the South African Iron Age

@inproceedings{Friede1979IronsmeltingFA,
  title={Iron-smelting furnaces and metallurgical traditions of the South African Iron Age},
  author={H. M. Friede},
  year={1979}
}
A short survey is given of the Iron Age smelting sites and smelting furnaces that have been found in South Africa. An ""ttempt is made to classify South African smelting furnaces by the inclusion of functional characteristics such as the numbers and positions of tuyeres. An affinity is suggested between the Venda (eastern Transvaal) type of furnace and an East African type. The principles of the smelting process in South African Iron Age furnaces and the characteristics of the smelting products… CONTINUE READING

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