The anionic complex [Ir(2-phenylpyridine)2(benzene-1,2-dithiolate)](-) ([IrSS](-)) is a nucleophile and metalloligand that reacts with methyl iodide and AuPR3(+) (R = Ph or Et) to form S-methylated complexes (thiother-thiolate and dithiother complexes) and S-aurated complexes, respectively. The reactions are completely diastereselective, producing only the enantiomers ΛS and ΔR or ΛSS and ΔRR. The diastereoselectivity is stereoelectronically controlled by the orientation of the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) of [IrSS](-) arising from filled dπ-pπ antibonding interactions, and the chirality of the iridium ion. Methylation or auration removes the high-energy lone pair of the thiolate S atom, leading to low-lying HOMOs composed mainly of the Ir d-orbital and the 2-phenylpyridine π (ppyπ) orbital. The methylated and aurated complexes can be oxidized by H2O2 or peracid to give sulfinate-thiother, disulfoxide, and sulfinate-sulfoxide complexes, and the oxygenation further stabilizes the HOMO. All the complexes are luminescent, and their electronic spectra are interpreted with the aid of time-dependent density functional theory calculations. The thiother-thiolate complex exhibits ligand(S)-to-ligand(π* of ppy)-charge-transfer/metal-to-ligand-charge-transfer absorption (LLCT/MLCT) and a relatively low-energy (3)LLCT/MLCT emission, while the other complexes display (3)ππ*/MLCT emissions.