Ionization in the atmosphere, comparison between measurements and simulations

  title={Ionization in the atmosphere, comparison between measurements and simulations},
  author={Terence Sloan and Galina Bazilevskaya and Vladimir Makhmutov and Y. I. Stozhkov and A. K. Svirzhevskaya and N. S. Svirzhevsky},
  journal={Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions},
A survey of the data on measured particle fluxes and the rate of ionization in the atmosphere is presented. Measurements as a function of altitude, time and cut-off rigidity are compared with simulations of particle production from cosmic rays. The simulations generally give a reason- able representation of the data. However, some discrepan- cies are found. The solar modulation of the particle fluxes is measured and found to be a factor 2.7± 0.8 greater than that observed for muons alone near… 

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