Ion-specific effect on the gelation kinetics of concentrated colloidal silica suspensions.

The comparative gelation kinetics of concentrated colloidal silica suspensions at pH 9.8 has been studied in the presence of two different counterions, ammonium as a representative structure-breaker ion and sodium as a representative structure-maker ion. For the same ionic strength of 0.45 M, the experimental results have indicated a pronounced effect of… CONTINUE READING