Iodine supplementation for pregnancy and lactation-United States and Canada: recommendations of the American Thyroid Association.

@article{Becker2006IodineSF,
  title={Iodine supplementation for pregnancy and lactation-United States and Canada: recommendations of the American Thyroid Association.},
  author={D. Becker and L. Braverman and F. Delange and J. Dunn and J. Franklyn and J. Hollowell and S. Lamm and M. Mitchell and E. Pearce and J. Robbins and J. Rovet},
  journal={Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association},
  year={2006},
  volume={16 10},
  pages={
          949-51
        }
}
The fetus is totally dependent in early pregnancy on maternal thyroxine for normal brain development. Adequate maternal dietary intake of iodine during pregnancy is essential for maternal thyroxine production and later for thyroid function in the fetus. If iodine insufficiency leads to inadequate production of thyroid hormones and hypothyroidism during pregnancy, then irreversible fetal brain damage can result. In the United States, the median urinary iodine (UI) was 168 microg/L in 2001-2002… Expand
Iodine Supplementation in Pregnancy and the Dilemma of Ambiguous Recommendations
TLDR
Based on current evidence, the recommendations given by WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD in 2007 provide a valid guidance on the use of iodine supplements in pregnant women. Expand
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TLDR
Iodine supplement intake in the first half of pregnancy may lead to maternal thyroid dysfunction in iodine-sufficient or mildly iodine-deficient populations. Expand
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TLDR
Meta-analyses of studies of maternal iodine supplementation in moderately to severely iodine-deficient areas have shown benefits for child development and cognitive function, although more research is warranted. Expand
Iodine Nutrition Status of Pregnant Women in an Iodine-Sufficient Area
TLDR
Pregnant women in the urban area of Tuzla had adequate iodine status except for those with restricted salt intake, which presents an increased risk to the mother as well to as the unborn child. Expand
Apparent insufficiency of iodine supplementation in pregnancy.
TLDR
New York City pregnant women were significantly less prone to iodine deficiency when provided with iodine supplementation, and when spot UI levels were used to estimate iodine sufficiency, more than 20% of supplemented women were still at risk for iodine deficiency according to WHO guidelines, suggesting that current supplementation practices remain insufficient. Expand
Effect of iodine supplementation in Indian pregnant women on maternal and newborn thyroid function and cognitive development
TLDR
Whether iodine supplementation to pregnant women improves maternal and newborn thyroid function, pregnancy outcome, birth weight, infant growth and cognitive performance is investigated and the association of maternal depression, and thyroid function during pregnancy is assessed. Expand
Teratology public affairs committee position paper: iodine deficiency in pregnancy.
TLDR
It is concur with the ATA recommendation that all pregnant and lactating women should ingest (through diet and supplements) 250 micrograms of iodine daily, and recommends that all mothers-to-be take daily iodine supplementation of 150micrograms. Expand
Iodine supplementation during pregnancy: a public health challenge
TLDR
The importance of iodine supplementation is discussed to ensure adequate T4 levels in all women who are considering conception and throughout pregnancy and lactation, in addition to the use of iodized salt. Expand
Iodine Nutrition in Pregnancy
TLDR
Women planning a pregnancy and pregnant women living in countries with mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency should be encouraged to use only iodized salt, eat iodine-rich foods such as milk, dairy products, eggs, fish, and seafood, and consider taking an iodine-containing supplement. Expand
Iodine nutrition status in pregnant women in Mexico.
TLDR
Based on the median UIC, iodine intake in Queretaro, Mexico, is slightly above requirements during the first two trimesters, and adequate in the third trimester, and the wide Mexican universal iodized salt program seems to supply adequate dietary iodine to pregnant women without health insurance in this region. Expand
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