Iodine and thyroid hormones during pregnancy and postpartum.

  title={Iodine and thyroid hormones during pregnancy and postpartum.},
  author={Faustino R P{\'e}rez-L{\'o}pez},
  journal={Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology},
  volume={23 7},
Iodine is a trace element essential for synthesis of the thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine and thyroxine. These hormones play a vital role in the early growth and development stages of most organs, especially the brain. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that, after famine, iodine deficiency is the most avoidable cause of cerebral lesions including different degrees of mental retardation and cerebral paralysis. The main function of iodine in vertebrates is to interact with the… CONTINUE READING


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