The effects of dopamine agonists on core body temperature (BT) were tested in mice. Apomorphine (APO) reduced BT of the mice dose dependently. The response was inhibited by the D-2 antagonist sulpiride, but not by the D-1 antagonist SCH 23390. The D-2 agonist quinpirole also decreased BT and this was prevented by sulpiride pretreatment. Administration of the D-1 agonist SKF 38393 increased BT. This hyperthermia was decreased by SCH 23390 pretreatment. In reserpinized animals, APO caused a dose-related increase in BT. The hyperthermic response of the drug was abolished in animals pretreated with a combination of sulpiride with SCH 23390, but not by single administration of sulpiride or SCH 23390. Quinpirole and SKF 38393 caused hyperthermia in reserpinized mice. The response was decreased in animals pretreated with sulpiride or SCH 23390, respectively. BT of the intact mice was decreased, while that of reserpinized animals was increased by SCH 23390 but not by sulpiride pretreatment. It is concluded that the presynaptic dopamine neurons are involved in hypothermia, while both post-synaptic D-1 and D-2 dopamine receptors may mediated the hyperthermia induced by dopaminergic agents.