Involvement of a residue at position 75 in the catalytic mechanism of a fungal aspartic proteinase, Rhizomucor pusillus pepsin. Replacement of tyrosine 75 on the flap by asparagine enhances catalytic efficiency.

Residue 75 on the flap, a beta hairpin loop that partially covers the active site cleft, is tyrosine in most members of the aspartic proteinase family. Site-directed mutagenesis was carried out to investigate the functional role of this residue in Rhizomucor pusillus pepsin, an aspartic proteinase with high milk-clotting activity produced by the fungus… (More)