Involvement of NADH Oxidase in Biofilm Formation in Streptococcus sanguinis.

Abstract

Biofilms play important roles in microbial communities and are related to infectious diseases. Here, we report direct evidence that a bacterial nox gene encoding NADH oxidase is involved in biofilm formation. A dramatic reduction in biofilm formation was observed in a Streptococcus sanguinis nox mutant under anaerobic conditions without any decrease in growth. The membrane fluidity of the mutant bacterial cells was found to be decreased and the fatty acid composition altered, with increased palmitic acid and decreased stearic acid and vaccenic acid. Extracellular DNA of the mutant was reduced in abundance and bacterial competence was suppressed. Gene expression analysis in the mutant identified two genes with altered expression, gtfP and Idh, which were found to be related to biofilm formation through examination of their deletion mutants. NADH oxidase-related metabolic pathways were analyzed, further clarifying the function of this enzyme in biofilm formation.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151142

Cite this paper

@article{Ge2016InvolvementON, title={Involvement of NADH Oxidase in Biofilm Formation in Streptococcus sanguinis.}, author={Xiuchun Ge and Xiaoli Shi and Limei Shi and Jinlin Liu and Victoria N. Stone and Fanxiang Kong and Todd Kitten and Ping Josephine Xu}, journal={PloS one}, year={2016}, volume={11 3}, pages={e0151142} }