Involuntary retrieval in alphabet-arithmetic tasks: task-mixing and task-switching costs.

This study explores the effects of memory retrieval in task switching. To this end, item-specific stimulus-to-task mappings were manipulated in two "alphabet-arithmetic" experiments. Letter-stimuli were presented and the responses were verbal letter names. The task was either to name the next letter in the alphabet, (e.g., C --> "D," task "plus"), or to… CONTINUE READING