Investigations of causal pathways between PTSD and drug use disorders.

@article{Chilcoat1998InvestigationsOC,
  title={Investigations of causal pathways between PTSD and drug use disorders.},
  author={Howard D. Chilcoat and Naomi Breslau},
  journal={Addictive behaviors},
  year={1998},
  volume={23 6},
  pages={827-40}
}
Although numerous studies have demonstrated an association between PTSD and substance use disorders, little is known about the causal nature of this relationship. In this article, we put forth and test major causal hypotheses. Specific hypotheses to be tested include self-medication of PTSD symptoms, substance users' high risk of exposure to traumatic events, and drug users' increased susceptibility to PTSD following a traumatic exposure. We also examine the possibility of an indirect pathway… CONTINUE READING

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