Investigation of the Load on the Lumbar Region in Nursing Technique's Movements - Relation between Twist and Surface Electromyogram

Abstract

This study measured the twist angle of the lumbar region and the surface electromyogram (EMG) and examined their mutual relation to elucidate the degree and influence of factors of "twist" in nursing techniques as a cause of lower back pain. Using a goniometer (two-way angle and twist sensors) and an EMG(SX230; DKH Co., Ltd.), we conducted measurements by affixing the goniometer on the lumbar vertebral column and EMG sensor at four points of right and left sides of L2 and L4 (of the erector muscle of the spine). The measured nursing techniques were three common methods of "transferring a patient from bed to wheelchair," which is said to impart a heavy load on the lumbar region. Results show that the correlation value between the twist angle rate and mean energy is likely to be greater, suggesting that the magnitude of the load on the lumbar region should be related to the twist speed rather than to the twist angle of the movement itself.

DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-024-7-460

Cite this paper

@article{Maekawa2009InvestigationOT, title={Investigation of the Load on the Lumbar Region in Nursing Technique's Movements - Relation between Twist and Surface Electromyogram}, author={Yasuko Maekawa and Akira Shiozaki and Yukie Majima}, journal={Studies in health technology and informatics}, year={2009}, volume={146}, pages={460-4} }