Investigation of heat transfer in turbulent nanofluids using direct numerical simulations.


A numerical study has been performed by using a combined Euler and Lagrangian method on the convective heat transfer of Cu and Al2O3 nanofluids under the turbulent flow conditions. The effects of volume fraction of nanoparticles, nanoparticle sizes, and nanoparticle material are investigated. The mechanism of convective heat transfer enhancement in… (More)


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