Investigating the origin of transoceanic distributions: Mtdna shows Mabuya lizards (Reptilia, Scincidae) crossed the Atlantic twice

@article{Carranza2003InvestigatingTO,
  title={Investigating the origin of transoceanic distributions: Mtdna shows Mabuya lizards (Reptilia, Scincidae) crossed the Atlantic twice},
  author={Salvador Carranza and Edwin Nicholas. Arnold},
  journal={Systematics and Biodiversity},
  year={2003},
  volume={1},
  pages={275 - 282}
}
Abstract Phylogenies with even a rough time scale can be used to investigate the history of non‐volant taxa with disjunct distributions in widely separated land areas that were once connected. Basic methods for doing this are discussed. A partial phylogeny of Mabuya based on mtDNA (305 bp cytochrome b, 379 bp 12S rRNA and 388 bp 16S rRNA) is used to show that this genus invaded tropical America from Africa twice in the last 9 Myr, once reaching the American mainland and once the oceanic island… 
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