Investigating the effects of prehistoric migrations in Siberia: genetic variation and the origins of Yakuts

  title={Investigating the effects of prehistoric migrations in Siberia: genetic variation and the origins of Yakuts},
  author={Brigitte Pakendorf and Innokentij N. Novgorodov and Vladimir L. Osakovskij and Al’bina P. Danilova and Artur P. Protod’jakonov and Mark Stoneking},
  journal={Human Genetics},
The Yakuts (also known as Sakha), Turkic-speaking cattle- and horse-breeders, inhabit a vast territory in Central and northeastern Siberia. [] Key Result The mtDNA results show a very close affinity of the Yakuts with Central Asian and South Siberian groups, which confirms their southern origin. There is no conclusive evidence for admixture with indigenous populations, though a small amount cannot be excluded on the basis of the mtDNA data alone. The Y-chromosomal results confirm previous findings of a very…

Contact in the prehistory of the Sakha (Yakuts) : Linguistic and genetic perspectives

This study analyses the prehistory of a northeastern Siberian population, the Sakha (Yakuts), from both a linguistic and a molecular-genetic perspective. The Sakha, who are a Turkic-speaking group of

The genetic legacy of legendary and historical Siberian chieftains

Analysis of human remains from 15th-19th Century North-Eastern Siberia, in combination with modern samples, indicate the drivers of present day Yakut genetic diversity, and enable archaeological interpretations of population dynamics at this time.

The Origins of the Yakut People: Evidence from Mitochondrial DNA Diversity

Nested cladistic analysis identified subhaplogroup D5a as the product of a long distance colonization event and potential founder lineage for the Yakuts, dating to approximately 1,630 years BP, affirming the south origin model.

The ancient Yakuts: a population genetic enigma

Genetic analyses of skeletal remains from 130 individuals of unknown ancestry dated mainly from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century AD revealed that 15 autosomal STR loci are not sufficient to discriminate between first degree relatives and more distantly related individuals in the ancient Yakut sample.

Investigating the Prehistory of Tungusic Peoples of Siberia and the Amur-Ussuri Region with Complete mtDNA Genome Sequences and Y-chromosomal Markers

It is demonstrated that whereas the North Tungusic Evenks and Evens show evidence of shared ancestry both in the maternal and in the paternal line, this signal has been attenuated by genetic drift and differential gene flow with neighbouring populations, with isolation by distance further shaping the maternal genepool of the Evens.

On the origins of the Sakhas' paternal lineages: Reconciliation of population genetic / ancient DNA data, archaeological findings and historical narratives

  • Biology
    Siberian Research
  • 2019
Reconciled genetic and archaeological data agree well with Sakhas’ historical narratives, whereby, at least from a paternal lineage perspective, only a few individuals may have arrived from Central Asia and had reproductive success that led to the Sakha Y-chromosomal diversity today.

mtDNA variation in the Buryat population of the Barguzin Valley: New insights into the micro-evolutionary history of the Baikal area

The results underline the need to use local samples, in addition to pooled samples, to investigate the history of human populations at the micro-evolutionary level.

Human evolution in Siberia: from frozen bodies to ancient DNA

Genetic analyses on 58 mummified frozen bodies dated from the 15th to the 19th century, excavated from Yakutia (Eastern Siberia) were able to trace the origins of the male lineages to a small group of horse-riders from the Cis-Baïkal area.

Matrilineal and Patrilineal Genetic Continuity of Two Iron Age Individuals from a Pazyryk Culture Burial

Despite the current focus on the two Pazyryk individuals, a rare glimpse into the ancient migrations was gained through the discovery of paternal and maternal haplotype matches across an immense geography that spans from Yakutia to Turkey.



Mitochondrial DNA evidence for admixed origins of central Siberian populations.

The Yakuts are unique among Siberian populations in having a high number of haplotypes shared exclusively with Europeans, suggesting, contrary to the historical record, that occasionally Yakut men took Russian women as wives.

mtDNA diversity in Chukchi and Siberian Eskimos: implications for the genetic history of Ancient Beringia and the peopling of the New World.

The sequence-divergence estimates for haplogroups A, C, and D of Siberian and Native American populations indicate that the earliest inhabitants of Beringia possessed a limited number of founding mtDNA haplotypes and that the first humans expanded into the New World approximately 34,000 years before present.

Origin and evolution of Native American mtDNA variation: a reappraisal.

Reappraising mtDNA control region sequences from aboriginal Siberians and Native Americans confirms in agreement with linguistic, archaeological and climatic evidence that the major wave of migration brought one population, ancestral to the Amerinds, from northeastern Siberia to America 20,000-25,000 years ago.

mtDNA variation among Greenland Eskimos: the edge of the Beringian expansion.

The data are in agreement with the view that the present Greenland Eskimos essentially descend from Alaskan Neo-Eskimos, and major mtDNA types shared between Na Dene and Eskimo are demonstrated.

Different matrilineal contributions to genetic structure of ethnic groups in the silk road region in china.

Direct evidence supporting the suggestion that Central Asia is the location of genetic admixture of the East and the West is provided, with the highest frequency present in Uygur and Uzbek samples, and no western Eurasian type was found in Han Chinese samples from the same place.

Diversity of Mitochondrial DNA Lineages in South Siberia

The considerable substructure within South Siberian haplogroups B, F, and G, together with the high degree of haplogroup C and D diversity revealed there, allows us to conclude that South Siberians carry the genetic imprint of early‐colonization phase of Eurasia.

Where west meets east: the complex mtDNA landscape of the southwest and Central Asian corridor.

A number of deep-rooting lineages, whose relative clustering and coalescent ages suggest an autochthonous origin in the southwestern Asian corridor during the Pleistocene are observed.

Contrasting patterns of Y-chromosome variation in South Siberian populations from Baikal and Altai-Sayan regions

The population of the Baikal region demonstrates the prevalence of Central/Eastern Asian lineages, whereas in the populations of Altai and Sayan regions the highest paternal contribution resulted from Eastern European descent is revealed.

Genetic analysis of human remains found in two eighteenth century Yakut graves at At-Dabaan

The results showed that these three skeletons were not close relatives but probably linked to the same clan structure, and suggested a relative specificity and continuity of part of the Yakut mitochondrial gene pool during the last 3 centuries.