Inverse association between physical inactivity and mental health in men and women.

@article{Galper2006InverseAB,
  title={Inverse association between physical inactivity and mental health in men and women.},
  author={Daniel I. Galper and Madhukar H. Trivedi and Carolyn E. Barlow and A. Dunn and James B. Kampert},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  year={2006},
  volume={38 1},
  pages={
          173-8
        }
}
PURPOSE The Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) provides the opportunity to evaluate associations between measures of physical activity and mental health in a large and well-characterized population of men and women. METHODS Participants were 5451 men and 1277 women (20-88 yr) who completed a maximal fitness treadmill test and self-report measures of habitual physical activity, depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Scale for Depression; CES-D) and emotional well-being… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Prospective study of cardiorespiratory fitness and depressive symptoms in women and men.

Association between leisure time physical activity and depressive symptoms in men.

TLDR
An inverse association between PA and depressive symptoms was found, which indicates that men meeting the 2008 PA Guidelines may not only experience physical health benefits but also reduce the likelihood of depressive symptoms.

Joint association of physical activity and body weight with subsequent physical and mental functioning: a follow-up study

TLDR
Physical activity is likely to be beneficial for physical and mental functioning among both those with overweight and normal weight, however, maintaining normal weight is also important for good physical functioning.

The association between physical fitness and depressive symptoms among young adults: results of the Northern Finland 1966 birth cohort study

TLDR
The results indicate that low level of isometric endurance capacity of trunk extensor muscles is associated with high level of depressive symptoms in both sexes and the physical activity level is inversely associated with the prevalence of depressive Symptoms among young adults.

Associations between physical activity and depressive symptoms in women

TLDR
Findings suggest that the domain and social context of PA may be more important for mental health among women than simply the total dose of PA.

Physical activity, sedentary index, and mental disorders in the SUN cohort study.

TLDR
The findings suggest a joint association of leisure-time physical activity and sedentary behavior on the incidence of mental disorders.

Physical activity and depressive symptoms among Norwegian adults aged 20-50.

TLDR
Young men and women who exercised were less likely to have a high depression score, compared with inactive people, and some significant associations between physical activity and depression were indicated.

Muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with health-related quality of life among young adult men

TLDR
A positive contribution of physical fitness to mental health is suggested and the importance of both muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness in the promotion of HRQoL is highlighted.

The mental health benefits of regular physical activity, and its role in preventing future depressive illness

TLDR
From the available evidence, it would appear that physical activity performed at a frequency, intensity, and duration which is substantially less than that required for the development and maintenance of cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in the general population, may afford significant benefits in reducing the risk of future depressive illness.

Depression is associated with reduced physical activity in persons with heart failure.

  • M. AloscoM. Spitznagel J. Gunstad
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2012
TLDR
Depression is an independent predictor of physical activity in older adults with HF and reduced physical activity is associated with numerous adverse psychosocial outcomes.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES

Depression decreases cardiorespiratory fitness in older women.

Surrogate measures of physical activity and physical fitness. Evidence for sedentary traits of resting tachycardia, obesity, and low vital capacity.

TLDR
The addition of sedentary traits measurements to a simple physical activity index provides a valid estimate of physical fitness in epidemiologic studies.

Associations between physical activity dose and health-related quality of life.

PURPOSE Although the beneficial effects of participation in regular physical activity (PA) are widely accepted, dose-response relationships between PA and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)

Physical activity reduces the risk of subsequent depression for older adults.

TLDR
Findings support the protective effects of physical activity on depression for older adults and argue against excluding disabled subjects from similar studies.

Effects of physical activity on exercise tests and respiratory function

TLDR
Physical activity and non-smoking or smoking cessation is associated with maintenance of cardiorespiratory fitness, but respiratory function contributed little to this association during a five year follow up.

Physical activity and mental health in the United States and Canada: evidence from four population surveys.

Association between physical activity and mental disorders among adults in the United States.

  • R. Goodwin
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Preventive medicine
  • 2003

Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety.

TLDR
There is little evidence for dose-response effects of physical activity and exercise, though this is largely because of a lack of studies rather than a lacks of evidence.

A MAIL SURVEY OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY HABITS AS RELATED TO MEASURED PHYSICAL FITNESS

The associations of self-reported measures of physical activity from a mail survey with an objective measure of physical fitness were investigated. Respondents to a health status survey (n = 12,225),

Cardiorespiratory fitness and the risk for stroke in men.

TLDR
The findings show that low cardiorespiratory fitness was associated with an increased risk for any stroke and ischemic stroke and the VO(2)max was one of the strongest predictors of stroke, comparable with other modifiable risk factors.