Quantification of mitral regurgitation during percutaneous mitral valve repair: added value of simultaneous hemodynamic and 3D echocardiographic assessment
OBJECTIVES We sought to analyze several new hemodynamic characteristics which address the interplay of left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) pressures, as well as to re-analyze several other V wave characteristics employed in the determination of mitral regurgitation (MR) severity in order to determine which, if any, had adequate correlation with grade of MR for clinical utility. BACKGROUND Invasive assessment of mitral regurgitation includes analysis of intracardiac pressures and LV angiography. The V wave, when obtained from the pulmonary capillary wedge position (PCWP), and its various characteristics are believed to be of limited value for prediction of MR severity. METHOD We analyzed the transeptal pressure tracings of patients with various degrees of MR. Several relationships from the simultaneous pressure-time curves of the LA and LV were defined. Biplane left ventricular angiography was used to grade MR. Correlation between each parameter and MR grade was determined by calculating a Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS The ratio of the area under the V wave to the LV systolic area (V(a)/LV(a)) best correlates with the degree of MR with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.60. The V(a)/LV(a) was significantly lower in patients with 0-1+ MR compared to > or =2+ MR (0.14 vs. 0.23 p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS Invasive hemodynamic assessment of MR severity could be enhanced by calculating our new ratio, V(a)/LV(a), due to its ability to account for LV work that is lost to the LA with a proportional decrease in forward or useful LV work with progressively increasing severity of MR.