Invasion ecology goes to town: from disdain to sympathy

@article{SalomonCavin2017InvasionEG,
  title={Invasion ecology goes to town: from disdain to sympathy},
  author={Jo{\"e}lle Salomon Cavin and Christian A. Kull},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
  year={2017},
  volume={19},
  pages={3471-3487}
}
How can one understand the increasing interest in “urban invasions”, or biological invasions in urban environments? We argue that interest in urban invasions echoes a broader evolution in how ecologists view “the city” in relation to “the natural”. Previously stark categorical distinctions between urban and natural, human and wild, city and ecology have floundered. Drawing on conceptual material and an analysis of key texts, we first show how the ecological sciences in general—and then invasion… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Gridlock and beltways: the genetic context of urban invasions
TLDR
It is concluded that urban areas are not only points of entry for many invasive species, they also facilitate population establishment, are pools for genetic diversity, and provide corridors for further spread both within and out of cities. Expand
Non-native species in urban environments: patterns, processes, impacts and challenges
TLDR
The papers in this special issue of Biological Invasions show that patterns and processes of urban invasions differ in many ways from invasions in other contexts, and that managing invasive species in cities poses unique and increasingly complex challenges. Expand
No fly zone? Spatializing regimes of perceptibility, uncertainty, and the ontological fight over quarantine pests in California
Abstract For nearly 40 years, California has been periodically gripped by controversies over government efforts to protect agricultural trade by eradicating invasive insects in cities. The analysisExpand
Critical Invasion Science: Weeds, Pests, and Aliens
The study of invasive plants and animals calls strongly for a critical approach due to the deeply social nature of invasion landscapes, the power relations affecting the science of invasions, and theExpand
This town ain't big enough for both of us…or is it? Spatial co-occurrence between exotic and native species in an urban reserve
TLDR
This study studied 17 exotic-native pairs of species with the potential to compete with one another, or in which one of the species could offer resources to the other, in an urban ecological reserve located within Mexico City, demonstrating that the observed patterns of species co-occurrence depend on the distance to the nearest urban structure and the amount of herb, shrub, and tree cover, indicating that these habitat features influence whether native species avoid orCo-occur with exotic species. Expand
Drivers of compositional dissimilarity for native and alien birds: the relative roles of human activity and environmental suitability
TLDR
The results showed that the proportion of urban area, a variable related to colonization and propagule pressure, had a strong influence on Psittaciformes but not on alien Passeriformes, and human connectivity, as measured by distance through roads and railways seemed to play a significant role in shaping the compositional dissimilarity of alien Passers, but not PsittACiformes. Expand
Plant invasion as an emerging challenge for the conservation of heritage sites: the spread of ornamental trees on ancient monuments in Rome, Italy
TLDR
The findings show that plant invasion is an emerging challenge for the conservation of heritage sites and needs to be prioritized for management to prevent future expansion. Expand
Explaining people's perceptions of invasive alien species: A conceptual framework.
TLDR
A synthesis of the key factors that influence people's perceptions of invasive alien species is produced, and six broad-scale dimensions are identified in a context of considerable complexity and variation across time and space. Expand
Mapping urban trees with deep learning and street-level imagery
Planning and managing urban trees and forests for livable cities remains an outstanding challenge worldwide owing to scarce information on their spatial distribution, structure and composition.Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 201 REFERENCES
Rethinking invasion ecologies from the environmental humanities
Research from a humanist perspective has much to offer in interrogating the social and cultural ramifications of invasion ecologies. The impossibility of securing national boundaries againstExpand
Urban ecology as an interdisciplinary field: differences in the use of “urban” between the social and natural sciences
Abstract“If you wish to converse with me, define your terms.” —attributed to Voltaire, The Home Book of Quotations: Classical and Modern, Fourth edition (B. Stevenson, ed.), p. 428, Dodd, Mead andExpand
Grand challenges in urban ecology
The field of urban ecology has seen a major expansion in the last two decades. As the world rapidly urbanizes, human settlements constitute one of the few ecosystems on earth that are significantlyExpand
Beyond Urban Legends: An Emerging Framework of Urban Ecology, as Illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study
ABSTRACT The emerging discipline of urban ecology is shifting focus from ecological processes embedded within cities to integrative studies of large urban areas as biophysical-social complexes. YetExpand
Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems
TLDR
An emerging approach to understanding the ecology of urban areas by contrasting these two metropolises is described, and a call to action for ecologists to integrate their science with that of social scientists to achieve a more realistic and useful understanding of the natural world in general and its ecology in particular is presented. Expand
Urban ecology : an international perspective on the interaction between humans and nature
Urbanization and Human Domination of Earth.- Human Domination of Earth's Ecosystems.- Humans as the World's Greatest Evolutionary Force.- Urbanization.- Urban Ecology as an Interdisciplinary Field:Expand
Facing the broader dimensions of biological invasions
TLDR
Invasive species could aid policymaking by better addressing the three complexities inherent in the three dimensions highlighted above, and recognition is growing among ecologists that novel, invaded ecosystems have value. Expand
Misleading criticisms of invasion science: a field guide
Invasion science is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to the areas outside their native ranges. It concerns all aspects relating to the transport,Expand
Greening Berlin: The Co-Production of Science, Politics, and Urban Nature
Although nature conservation has traditionally focused on the countryside, issues of biodiversity protection also appear on the political agendas of many cities. One of the emblematic examples ofExpand
Edges of Connection: reconceptualising the human role in urban biogeography
TLDR
Analysis of the attitudes and practices of 38 backyarders who live adjacent to, or in close proximity to, bushland concludes that humans will need to be re-imagined and co-opted as active co-constructors of this nature rather than solely as threats to it. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...