- Published 2012 in SIBGRAPI

Recently, it has been shown that, for Lambert illumination model, solely scenes composed by developable objects with a very particular albedo distribution produce an (2D) image with isolines that are (almost) invariant to light direction change. In this work, we provide and investigate a more general framework; and we show that, in general, the requirement for such invariances is quite strong, and is related to the differential geometry of the objects. More precisely, it is proved that single curved manifolds, i.e., manifolds such that at each point there is at most one principal curvature direction, produce invariant isosurfaces for a certain relevant family of energy functions. In the three-dimensional case, the associated energy function corresponds to the classical Lambert illumination model with albedo. This result is also extended for finite-dimensional scenes composed by single curved objects. Keywords-invariance; pattern recognition; developable surface;

@inproceedings{Castro2012InvarianceFS,
title={Invariance for Single Curved Manifold},
author={Pedro Machado Manh{\~a}es de Castro},
booktitle={SIBGRAPI},
year={2012}
}