Introduction to the special section on cognitive abilities: 100 years after Spearman's (1904) "'General intelligence,' objectively determined and measured".

  title={Introduction to the special section on cognitive abilities: 100 years after Spearman's (1904) "'General intelligence,' objectively determined and measured".},
  author={David Lubinski},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={86 1},
  • D. Lubinski
  • Published 2004
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
The study of individual differences in cognitive abilities is one of the few branches of psychological science to amass a coherent body of empirical knowledge withstanding the test of time. There is wide consensus that cognitive abilities are organized hierarchically, and C. Spearman's (1904) general intelligence occupies the vertex of this hierarchy. In addition, specific abilities beyond general intelligence refine longitudinal forecasts of important social phenomena and paint a rich portrait… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The study of individual differences in cognitive functioning dates back almost to the beginning of the modern psychology (e.g., Cattell, 1890; Cattell & Farrand, 1896). Intelligence testing in the
Individual Differences at the Top: Mapping the Outer Envelope of Intelligence
Verbal definitions ofintelligence have never been adequate or commanded consensus. Carroll’s (1993) Human Cognitive Abilities and Jensen's (1998) Theg Factor (books whichwill be definitive treatises
The comparative analysis of intelligence.
The way intelligence and related cognitive abilities are assessed in humans and animals is reviewed and a different way of devising test batteries for maximizing between-species comparisons is suggested.
Structural invariance of multiple intelligences, based on the level of execution.
This article examines whether the one- factor structure of the MI theory tested in previous studies is invariant for low and high ability students and suggests an absence of structural invariance in Gardner's tasks.
Classical and Molecular Genetic Research on General Cognitive Ability.
Behavioral genetics research that has sought to identify and quantify the total contributions of genetic and environmental factors to individual differences in GCA is summarized as well as molecular geneticResearch that has seeking to identify genetic variants that underlie inherited effects are summarized.
Unifying Vocational Psychology's Trait and Social–Cognitive Approaches through the Cognitive-Affective Personality System
  • H. Kell
  • Psychology
    Review of General Psychology
  • 2018
Vocational psychology is divided between two conflicting paradigms: Trait-based, exemplified by Holland's (1997) theory, and social–cognitive, exemplified by Social-Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT).
Exceptional Cognitive Ability: The Phenotype
Characterizing the outcomes related to the phenotype of exceptional cognitive abilities has been feasible in recent years due to the availability of large samples of intellectually precocious


Intelligence and the Workplace
This chapter provides a broad review of theories and research on intelligence with particular emphasis on its importance in the workplace. Psychometric theories of intelligence, beginning with
Looking down on human intelligence
Ian J. Deary's new book is about the biology of individual differences in intelligence. He views psychometrics - the measurement and statistical study of psychological traits, such as intelligence -
Does the Defining Issues Test measure psychological phenomena distinct from verbal ability? An examination of Lykken's query.
This study examined the incremental validity of the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a test purporting to measure moral reasoning ability relative to verbal ability and other major markers of the
Cognition and Intelligence: Mental Chronometry and the Unification of Differential Psychology
Mental chronometry is the measurement of cognitive speed. It is the actual time taken to process information of different types and degrees of complexity. The basic measurements are an individual’s
Intelligence, personality, and interests: evidence for overlapping traits.
The authors provide an extensive meta-analysis of personality-int intellectual ability correlations, and a review of interest-intellectual ability associations that provide evidence for communality across the domains of personality of J. L. Holland's (1959) model of vocational interests.
The criterion validity of tasks of basic cognitive processes
Human cognitive abilities: A survey of factor analytic studies
This long awaited work surveys and summarizes the results of more than seventy years of investigation, by factor analysis, of a variety of cognitive abilities, with particular attention to language,
A unifying model for the structure of intellectual abilities