Introduction to Space Weather

  title={Introduction to Space Weather},
  author={D. Baker},
  journal={Lecture Notes in Physics},
  • D. Baker
  • Published 2004
  • Physics
  • Lecture Notes in Physics
Adverse space weather is one of the principal threats to modern human technology. Solar coronal mass ejections, large solar flares, and high-speed solar wind streams often lead to sequences of damaging disturbances within the Earth’s magnetosphere, in the atmosphere, and even on the Earth’s surface. Powerful and long-lasting geomagnetic storms can develop following solar disturbances and enhancements of the highly relativistic electron populations throughout the outer terrestrial radiation zone… Expand
Space Weather: The Solar Perspective
The term space weather refers to conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere that can influence the performance and reliability of space-borne andExpand
Solar Radiation and Spacecraft Shielding
The space environment in the vicinity of spacecraft orbits is replete with a variety of natural and manmade threats from impact of high-speed objects. Setting aside the massive objects suchExpand
Solar and stellar flares and their impact on planets
  • K. Shibata
  • Physics
  • Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2015
Abstract Recent observations of the Sun revealed that the solar atmosphere is full of flares and flare-like phenomena, which affect terrestrial environment and our civilization. It has beenExpand
Recurrence based quantification of dynamical complexity in the Earth's magnetosphere at geospace storm timescales
Magnetic storms are the most prominent global manifestations of out-of-equilibrium magnetospheric dynamics. Investigating the dynamical complexity exhibited by geomagnetic observables can provideExpand
Superflares on solar-type stars
Quasi-periodic brightness modulations observed in the solar-type stars suggest that they have much larger starspots than does the Sun, and the data suggest that superflares occur more frequently on rapidly rotating stars. Expand
SALSA: a tool to estimate the stray light contamination for low-Earth orbit observatories
Stray light contamination reduces considerably the precision of photometric of faint stars for low altitude spaceborne observatories. When measuring faint objects, the necessity of coping with strayExpand
Space conditions during a month of a sequence of six M > 6.8 earthquakes ending with the tsunami of 26 December 2004
This paper examines space and seismological data for the time period about one month before the giant Sumatra-Andaman strong (9.3) earthquake (EQ). The com- bination of seismological and space dataExpand
Flare Productivity of Major Flaring Solar Active Regions: A Time-Series Study of Photospheric Magnetic Properties
A solar active region (AR) that produces at least one M- or X-class major flare tends to produce multiple flares during its passage across the solar disk. It will be interesting to see if we canExpand
Solar Dynamical Processes I
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A solar super‐flare as cause for the 14C variation in AD 774/5?
We present further considerations regarding the strong 14C variation in AD 774/5. For its cause, either a solar super-flare or a short gamma-ray burst were suggested. We show that all kinds ofExpand


Satellite Anomalies due to Space Storms
Space weather is a term that refers to the dynamic, highly variable conditions in the geospace environment. This includes conditions on the sun, in the interplanetary medium, and in theExpand
Deep dielectric charging effects due to high-energy electrons in earth's outer magnetosphere
Abstract Many spacecraft operational problems in the earth's outer magnetosphere appear to be due to intense, transient radiation phenomena. Three types of naturally occuring, and highly variable,Expand
Space storms and space weather hazards
Preface. 1. Space Storms, Ring Current and Space-Atmosphere Coupling I.A. Daglis. 2. Geomagnetic Storms as a Dominant Component of Space Weather: Classic Picture and Recent Issues Y. Kamide. 3. FromExpand
How to Cope with Space Weather
  • D. Baker
  • Environmental Science
  • Science
  • 2002
Space weather-the fluctuating magnetic fields and energetic particles that originate from the Sun and penetrate far into Earth9s atmosphere-has the power to damage satellites and disruptExpand
An Introduction to Power Grid Impacts and Vulnerabilities from Space Weather
Geomagnetic disturbances (i.e. space storms) can impact the operational reliability of electric power systems. Solar Cycle 22 (the most recent solar cycle extending from 1986–1996) demonstrated toExpand
Spacecraft Charging by Magnetospheric Plasmas
  • A. Rosen
  • Physics
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
  • 1976
A potentially catastrophic environmental phenomenon was recently discovered; large discharges and arcs on spacecraft. This phenomenon, induced by magnetospheric substorm events, was probablyExpand
Disturbed space environment may have been related to pager satellite failure
A very intense flux of electrons, evident in the magnetosphere earlier this year, may have caused a satellite failure (or at least exacerbated the situation) leading to the loss of pager service toExpand
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The range and limits on the space charging electron currents available in the near-geosynchronous orbit have been identified from a large SCATHA satellite data base. The most intense currentExpand
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When the ANIK El and £2 communications spacecraft suffered serious failures of their momentum wheel control systems, it was postulated that the satellites were subjected to bulk (internal dielectric)Expand
Solar Particle Events from a risk management perspective.
  • R. Turner
  • Medicine, Physics
  • IEEE transactions on plasma science. IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society
  • 2000
The impact of SPEs is described, the physics of SPEs are reviewed, current SPE forecast tools are discussed, and an approach to provide the comprehensive space weather data necessary to implement physics-based SPE risk management is described. Expand