Introduction of Exotic Parasites for Biological Control of the Birch Leafminer (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in the Middle Atlantic States

@article{Fuester1984IntroductionOE,
  title={Introduction of Exotic Parasites for Biological Control of the Birch Leafminer (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in the Middle Atlantic States},
  author={R. Fuester and P. Taylor and W. Day and R. M. Hendrickson and E. M. Blumenthal},
  journal={Journal of Economic Entomology},
  year={1984},
  volume={77},
  pages={1565-1570}
}
Approximately 9,600 Lathrolestes nigricollis (Thomson), 2,600 Grypocentrus albipes Ruthe (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), 50 Phanomeris sp. probably catenator Haliday (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), and 550 Chrysocharis nitetis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) were released in the Middle Atlantic states from 1976 to 1982 in efforts to establish populations for biological control of the birch leafminer, Fenusa pusilla (Lepeletier). Releases of these parasites, all of European origin, were made in… Expand
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Citation/Publisher Attribution Casagrande, R., Van Driesche, R. G., Mayer, M., Fuester, R., Gilrein, D., Tewksbury, L., & Faubert, H. (2009). Biological Control of Fenusa pusilla (Hymenoptera:Expand
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