author={Colin Renfrew},
  journal={Cambridge Archaeological Journal},
  pages={381 - 385}
  • Colin Renfrew
  • Published 1 October 2008
  • Biology
  • Cambridge Archaeological Journal
Recent breakthroughs in the cognitive and brain sciences, most importantly developments in neuroimaging technologies including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), event-related potential (ERP), and magnetoencephalography (MEG), have opened a new window on the human mind and offered a whole new set of possibilities for exploring its hidden functional architecture. This growing analytic potential can also be seen reflected in the numerous new fields… 
2 Citations



Human functional neuroimaging of brain changes associated with practice.

A novel distinction is made between patterns of reorganization and redistribution as effects of task practice on brain activation, and the need for careful attention to practice-related changes occurring on the behavioural, cognitive and neural levels of analysis is emphasized.

Imaging Brain Plasticity: Conceptual and Methodological Issues— A Theoretical Review

It is argued that the imaging of learning-related and developmental plasticity can enhance the ability of functional neuroimaging to identify and characterize the underlying neural basis of cognition.

Understanding Neural Interactions in Learning and Memory Using Functional Neuroimaging

  • A. McIntosh
  • Psychology, Biology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1998
The general hypothesis that learning and memory are emergent properties of network interactions is discussed, emphasizing that a region can play a different role across many functions and that role is governed by its interactions with anatomically related regions.

If neuroimaging is the answer, what is the question?

  • S. Kosslyn
  • Psychology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1999
A taxonomy of types of questions that can be easily addressed by neuroimaging techniques, focusing on how information processing is implemented in the brain, and on how processing changes in different circumstances is developed.

The evolutionary neuroscience of tool making

Can cognitive processes be inferred from neuroimaging data?

Stone Tool-Making and Brain Activation: Position Emission Tomography (PET) Studies

Results indicate that during stone tool-making there was heavy activation of cortical and subcortical regions of the brain associated with motor and somatosensory processing, particularly in areas known to be involved with complex spatial cognition requiring integration of diverse sensory inputs.

Tool use, communicative gesture and cerebral asymmetries in the modern human brain

  • S. Frey
  • Psychology, Biology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2008
It is argued here that the ways in which humans skilfully use tools and other manipulable artefacts is possible owing to adaptations that integrate sensory–motor and cognitive processes.

Neural correlates of Early Stone Age toolmaking: technology, language and cognition in human evolution

Results from a positron emission tomography study of functional brain activation during experimental ESA (Oldowan and Acheulean) toolmaking by expert subjects suggest that toolmaking and language share a basis in more general human capacities for complex, goal-directed action.